ASC Velocitat

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ASC Velocitat
File:AS Monaco FC.svg
Founded 23 August 1924; 95 years ago (1924-08-23)
Ground Stade Louis II
Capacity 18,523
Chairman Dmitry Rybolovlev
Manager Leonardo Jardim
League Ligue 1

Template:AS Monaco sections Association Sportive de Monaco Football Club, commonly referred to as AS Monaco (pronounced: [ɑ ɛs mɔnako]) or simply Monaco, is a Monagasque football club.<ref>Script error</ref> Founded in 1924 and competing in Ligue 1, the top tier of French football, the team plays its home matches at the Stade Louis II in Fontvieille. Monaco is managed by Leonardo Jardim and captained by Radamel Falcao.

Though based in Monaco, the club plays in the French football league system. Monaco is one of the most successful clubs in France, having won eight league titles and five Coupe de France trophies. The club has also competed in European football having been runners-up in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1992 and the UEFA Champions League in 2004.

The club's traditional colours are red and white, and the club is known as Les Rouges et Blancs (The Red and Whites). Monaco is a member of the European Club Association. In December 2011, two-thirds of the club was sold to an investment group led by Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev.<ref name=BBC>Script error</ref> With Rybolovlev's financial backing, the club quickly returned to Ligue 1 and won the 2016–17 Ligue 1, their first league title in 17 years.

History

Early history

AS Monaco FC was founded on 1 August 1919 as a unification of numerous local clubs based in France and the principality. Then, the multiple sports club of the Association Sportive de Monaco was founded on the 23rd August 1924. AS Monaco FC was then absorbed by the latter and became the football section of the enlarged Monegasque sporting club.<ref>Script error</ref>

The club's early years were spent in the amateur regional divisions of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, rising rapidly between the leagues in the 1920s. In 1933, Monaco were invited by the French Football Federation to turn professional. The Monégasques' first year of second division football ended in failure, however, as they were relegated to the amateur leagues the following year. By 1948, Monaco re-acquired its professional status and returned to the French second division; they subsequently consistently finished in its upper echelons, with this sustained effort resulting in promotion to the French first division for the first time in 1953.

1960–1986: Domestic successes

File:Lucien Leduc.jpg
Lucien Leduc guided Monaco to three league titles and two domestic cups

In 1960, Monaco coach Lucien Leduc led the club to its first professional trophy, the Coupe de France, beating Saint-Étienne 4–2 in extra time. This initial success was bettered in the following year with the club winning the French Championship for the first time in its history, qualifying for the European Cup. Leduc subsequently led the club to its first League and Cup Double in 1963. Upon Leduc's departure in 1963, Monaco endured a barren run, entrenched in the middle half of the league for the best part of the next decade and alternating between the first and second divisions after 1963. In 1975, Jean-Louis Campora, son of former president Charles Campora, became chairman of the club. In his second season, he brought back Leduc, who immediately won the club promotion to the first division and won them the championship the following year in 1978. Leduc subsequently left the club again in 1979, to be succeeded by Lucien Muller and Gérard Banide, both of whom were unable to halt the club's decline.

The early 1980s saw a steady stream of successes in national competitions. Monaco won a title almost every other year; the Coupe de France in 1980 and 1985, the French Championship in 1982, was Coupe de France finalist in 1984. In the 1985–86 season, Monaco hammered Bordeaux 9–0, one of the biggest wins in club history.<ref>Script error</ref>

Disappointingly for Monaco fans, the club could not translate its domestic leadership into European success. Up to this point, Monaco had never passed the first round of any European competition. Monaco lost to Dundee United (1981), CSKA Sofia twice (1982 and 1984) and Universitatea Craiova.<ref>Script error</ref>

1990s: Wenger and Tigana

File:Arsène Wenger 2008.jpg
Arsène Wenger led Monaco to the 1987–88 league title.
File:AS Monaco logo.svg
The former AS Monaco logo used until 2013.

In 1986, former Ajax manager Ștefan Kovács, who succeeded Rinus Michels and honed his Total Football ideals with the Dutch champions, came out of a three-year "retirement" to manage Monaco, but even he could not bring them success. With the club facing a second barren spell, they signed Arsène Wenger, who had hitherto been relatively unknown, managing Nancy without much success. Wenger's reign saw the club enjoy one of its most successful periods, with several inspired signings, including George Weah, Glenn Hoddle, Jürgen Klinsmann, and Youri Djorkaeff. Youth team policies produced future World Cup winners Emmanuel Petit, Lilian Thuram and Thierry Henry. Under Wenger, they won the league in his first season in charge (1988) and the Coupe de France in 1991, with the club consistently competing in the latter stages of the European Cup and regularly challenging for the league title.<ref name="rees-guardian">Script error</ref> The club could have had even greater success in this period, as it emerged in 1993 that bitter rivals Marseille had indulged in match fixing and numerous improprieties, a view that Wenger had long held.<ref name="rees-guardian"/> In 1994, after being blocked by the Monaco board from opening discussions with German powerhouse Bayern Munich for their vacant managerial post after being shortlisted for the role, Wenger was released from the club, several weeks after the post had already been filled.<ref name="rees-guardian"/><ref>Arsène Wenger The Biography by Xavier Rivoire</ref>

After Wenger's departure, the club went on to record two further league championships; under Jean Tigana in 1997 and under Claude Puel in 2000. However, as the decade came to an end, rumours were surfacing that the club was facing numerous financial difficulties. In 2003, these financial problems came to a head. Despite finishing second in the league, the club was relegated to Ligue 2 by the French Professional League for amassing a €50 million ($68 million) debt.<ref name="SI-Lyttleton">Script error</ref> Whilst this was reduced on appeal to a ban on purchasing players, it was enough to force President Jean-Louis Campora, who had been in charge for 28 years, to step aside. He was replaced by Pierre Svara, an administrator considered to be close to the principality's princely family but with no footballing experience.<ref>Script error</ref>

The following season saw remarkable success on the field, given the club's financial strife. The team, coached by former French national team captain Didier Deschamps and featuring stalwarts such as Fernando Morientes, Ludovic Giuly, Jérôme Rothen and Dado Pršo, finished third in Ligue 1 and enjoyed a remarkable run to the final of the UEFA Champions League, beating Real Madrid and Chelsea along the way. However, despite the on-field success, the 2003–04 season was the club's worst financial year in its history. Within 12 months, Deschamps had left as coach and Svara had been replaced by Michel Pastor.<ref name="SI-Lyttleton" />

Relegation and takeover

File:Dmitry Rybolovlev in 2012.jpg
Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev bought the club in 2011 and has made it one of the biggest spenders in the football world.

With Francesco Guidolin hired to replace Deschamps, one of Pastor's first tasks was to hold on to the players who had turned the club into one of the best in Europe. However, he failed to convince them to stay and their replacements were unable to replicate previous successes. Guidolin lasted only one year, before being replaced by assistant coach Laurent Banide who, in turn, only lasted a year, before being replaced by Brazilian Ricardo Gomes. In 2008, after four years at the club featuring six coaches and only mid-table finishes, Pastor left the club amid severe criticism of his management skills.

In 2008, Jérôme de Bontin, a leading shareholder of the club since 2003, took charge of the club, promising a complete shake-up. Under his reign as president, the club brought in players such as Park Chu-young and Freddy Adu, so they did not find much success on the pitch, going through a torrid season and only managing a mid-table finish. De Bontin resigned at the end of the season, replaced by banker Étienne Franzi and a new board of directors.<ref>Script error</ref>

In July 2009, Ricardo Gomes was replaced by former Cannes and Rennes coach Guy Lacombe, inheriting a youthful squad featuring numerous highly lauded youth team prospects, including Cédric Mongongu, Serge Gakpé, Vincent Muratori, Frédéric Nimani, Nicolas N'Koulou, Park Chu-young, Yohan Mollo and Yohann Thuram-Ulien.<ref>Script error</ref> Lacombe led Monaco to eighth place in Ligue 1 in his first season in charge, but he was unable to replicate this performance in his second season and was sacked in January 2011, with Monaco in 17th place in Ligue 1. He was replaced by former coach Laurent Banide, who was unable to turn around the club's fortunes; Monaco finished the 2010–11 season in 18th, thus becoming relegated to Ligue 2.

In December 2011, 66.67% of the club was sold to the Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev (via a trust under his daughter Ekaterina's name) while the club were bottom of Ligue 2.<ref name=BBC/> Banide was sacked due to this poor start to the 2011–12 season, and was replaced by Italian manager Marco Simone. Although he lifted the club to eighth by the end of the season, the club's board targeted promotion for the upcoming season and so fired him and appointed his compatriot Claudio Ranieri, whose attacking style of football saw the club score 64 goals in the 2012–13 season. With the club only losing four times, Monaco finished the season as champions, earning promotion back to Ligue 1. Using Rybolovlev's funds, Monaco were one of the biggest spenders in Europe in 2013, spending roughly £140 million, including a club-record £50 million for Radamel Falcao from Atlético Madrid.<ref>Script error</ref>

2016–17 season

Monaco won the Ligue 1 title on 17 May 2017 by defeating AS Saint-Étienne 2-0. Radamel Falcao and Kylian Mbappé scored 30 and 26 goals respectively to ensure Monaco won their first Ligue 1 title in 17 years.

Stadium

Monaco played at the original Stade Louis II since its construction in 1939. In 1985, the stadium was replaced with the current iteration, built on a nearby site consisting of land reclaimed from the Mediterranean, which has become a recurring feature of the stadium's seaside surroundings. The stadium is named after the former Prince of Monaco Louis II and houses a total of 18,500 supporters. The Stade Louis II is noted for its iconic nine arches and has hosted numerous athletic events and European Cup finals. Every August from 1998 to 2012, it hosted each instance of the annual UEFA Super Cup, but from 2013 onward, UEFA decided to rotate the event throughout various stadiums

Players

Current squad

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Out on loan

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Reserves

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Management and staff

Senior club staff<ref name="monaco_sasp">Script error</ref>
Club Management
President Template:Country data RUS Dmitry Rybolovlev 
Vice-President, Chief Executive Officer Template:Country data RUS Vadim Vasilyev
Deputy Director General Template:Country data BEL Filips Dhondt
President of the Association Template:Country data FRA Michel Aubery
Administrative Director Template:Country data RUS Olga Dementieva
Technical Director Template:Country data ITA Andrea Butti
Academy Director Template:Country data MON Frédéric Barilaro
Team Manager Template:Country data FRA Bernard Veronico
Financial Director Template:Country data RUS Emmanuel Blanchi
Head of Communication and PR Template:Country data FRA Bruno Skropeta
Commercial Director Template:Country data USA Bruce Bundrant
Press Officer Template:Country data FRA Pierre-Joseph Gadeau

Ownership history

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List of presidents

1952–1953 Template:Country data MON Roger-Félix Médecin
1954 Template:Country data MON Joseph Fissore
1955–1956 Template:Country data MON Charles Campora
1956–1957 Template:Country data MON Roger-Félix Médecin
1958–1959 Template:Country data MON Charles Campora
1960–1963 Template:Country data MON Antoine Romagnan
1964–1968 Template:Country data MON Max Principale
1969 Template:Country data MON Edmond Aubert
1970–1972 Template:Country data MON Henry Rey
1973–1974 Template:Country data MON Henri Orengo
1975 Template:Country data MON Henri Corvetto
1976–2003 Template:Country data MON Jean-Louis Campora
2003–2004 Template:Country data MON Pierre Svara
2004–2008 Template:Country data MON Michel Pastor
2008–2009 Template:Country data FRA Jérôme de Bontin
2009–2011 Template:Country data MON Étienne Franzi
2011– Template:Country data RUS Dmitry Rybolovlev

Managerial history

List of Managers

1948–1950 Template:Country data FRA Jean Batmale
1950–1952 Template:Country data ROM Elek Schwartz
1952–1953 Template:Country data ITA Angelo Grizzetti
1953–1956 Template:Country data CZE Ludwic Dupal
1956–1957 Template:Country data AUT Anton Marek
1957–1958 Template:Country data FRA Louis Pirroni
1958–1963 Template:Country data FRA Lucien Leduc
1963–1965 Template:Country data FRA Roger Courtois
1965–1966 Template:Country data FRA Louis Pirroni
1966–1969 Template:Country data FRA Pierre Sinibaldi
1969–1970 Template:Country data FRA Louis Pirroni / Template:Country data FRA Robert Domergue
1970–1972 Template:Country data FRA Jean Luciano
1972–1974 Template:Country data ARG Ruben Bravo
1974–1975 Template:Country data ARG Alberto Muro
1976–1977 Template:Country data MON Armand Forcherio
1977–1979 Template:Country data FRA Lucien Leduc
1979–1983 Template:Country data FRA Gérard Banide
1983–1986 Template:Country data FRA Lucien Muller

1986–1987 Template:Country data ROM Ștefan Kovács
1987–1995 Template:Country data FRA Arsène Wenger
1994 Template:Country data FRA Jean Petit
1994–1995 Template:Country data FRA Jean-Luc Ettori
1995 Template:Country data FRA Gérard Banide
1995–1999 Template:Country data FRA Jean Tigana
1999–2001 Template:Country data FRA Claude Puel
2001–2005 Template:Country data FRA Didier Deschamps
2005 Template:Country data FRA Jean Petit
2005–2006 Template:Country data ITA Francesco Guidolin
2006 Template:Country data ROM László Bölöni
2006–2007 Template:Country data FRA Laurent Banide
2007–2009 Template:Country data BRA Ricardo Gomes
2009–2011 Template:Country data FRA Guy Lacombe
2011 Template:Country data FRA Laurent Banide
2011–2012 Template:Country data ITA Marco Simone
2012–2014 Template:Country data ITA Claudio Ranieri
2014– Template:Country data POR Leonardo Jardim

Honours

Domestic competitions

International competitions

Records

File:Onnisgimnasia1970.jpg
Delio Onnis scored a club record 223 goals for Monaco
Name Games
Template:Country data France Jean-Luc Ettori 755
Template:Country data France Claude Puel 602
Template:Country data France Jean Petit 428
Template:Country data France Manuel Amoros 349
Template:Country data France Christian Dalger 334
Template:Country data France Marcel Dib 326
Template:Country data France François Ludo 319
Template:Country data France Luc Sonor 315
Template:Country data France Michel Hidalgo 304
Template:Country data Monaco Armand Forcherio 303
Name Goals
Template:Country data Argentina Delio Onnis 223
Template:Country data France Lucien Cossou 115
Template:Country data France Christian Dalger 89
Template:Country data Nigeria Victor Ikpeba 77
Template:Country data France Jean Petit 76
Template:Country data France Yvon Douis 74
Template:Country data France Youri Djorkaeff 68
Template:Country data Democratic Republic of the Congo Shabani Nonda
Template:Country data Brazil Sonny Anderson
67
Template:Country data Colombia Radamel Falcao
Template:Country data Liberia George Weah
Template:Country data France Ludovic Giuly
66

References

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External links

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