| Motto: Unum cum virtute multorum|
Latin: "One with the strength of many"
Anthem: The Maple Leaf Forever
French: Toujours, la feuille d'érable
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|Population||152,166,744 (2017 census)|
|Official languages||English, French|
|Government||Federal republic with parliamentary democracy|
|Prime Minister:||Anne Marsha Cressey|
|Chief Justice of the High Court:||Sarah Mulroney|
|Legislature||Parliament of Kelssek|
|Upper house:||Congress of the Federation|
|Lower house:||House of Commons|
|GDP (PPP)|| $5.110 trillion (2017)|
$33,582 per capita
|Human Development Index||0.955 (high)|
|Currency||Kelssek thaler (KET) = 100 pence|
|Time zones|| UTC +6 to +8:30|
(DST: UTC +7 to +9)
|Drives on the||left|
Kelssek is a large, economically-developed country located in the East Pacific, in the northeastern portion of the continent of Yasteria. A nation of soaring mountains, vast wilderness, natural beauty and frigid winters, Kelssek has two coasts on the Pacific Ocean and on the icy Aurora Sea. Its population of approximately 150 million is easily stereotyped as a bunch of bilingual commie sports nuts, but Kelssek defines itself as a multicultural, immigrant society which is consequently one of the world's most cosmopolitan nations.
Kelssek is a leading tourist destination, drawing well-heeled sophisticates and grizzled adventure-seekers alike to its lively cities, unspoiled wilderness, organic local handcrafted unionized vineyards, and completely epic skiing and mountain resorts. It is also a centre of international media and popular culture; prolifically producing and exporting music, television, film and literature.
Politically, Kelssek consists of a centralized federation of 12 provinces and one territory, governed as a republic under a system of parliamentary democracy. Although the President of Kelssek has wide-ranging nominal powers as head of state, in practice the prime minister is the most powerful political office and the Parliament of Kelssek is the nation's chief governmental body. A common title for the country is "Socialist Commonwealth of Kelssek" (Communauté socialiste du Kelssek in French); although it is not the official name the phrase "socialist commonwealth" appears in the preamble of Kelssek's constitution.
In foreign affairs, Kelssek claims a proud history of diplomatic engagement in the World Assembly and the East Pacific region. It is also prominent in global sport, having previously hosted both the summer and winter Olympic Games, the association football World Cup, and the World Cup of Hockey and Rugby World Cup on multiple occasions.
- 1 Geography and climate
- 2 History
- 3 Economy
- 4 People and culture
- 5 Government and politics
- 6 International organisations
Geography and climate
Kelssek is located in the northern latitudes, with approximately one-quarter of Surono above the northern polar circle and ice floes are commonplace on the Aurora Sea. The country as a whole experiences cold, snowy winters and four distinct seasons, with the mildest climate found on the coast of southern Haligonia. Warm ocean currents off the Pacific coast moderate temperatures in the densely populated east. Many peaks in the mountainous interior are permanently snow-capped, with all-year skiing possible in some areas. The Kelssek Cordillera, made up of several mountain ranges, runs through the centre of the country and is generally considered the dividing point between "eastern" and "western" Kelssek. West of the Whitetusk Mountains, large areas of relatively flat prairie wilderness dominate with a large amount of grain farming and ranching being carried out in this region; this region experiences a continental climate. Due to wind patterns, southern Konoha and the Crystal Mountains have a more temperate alpine climate with Wenerdere well-known for producing wines and tree fruits.
Kelssek's tourism industry benefits from its abundance of natural beauty, which has historically been fiercely protected by environmental laws. Wenerdere in particular attracts visitors to Icefields National Park, Haligonia to the beach resorts of the Sunrise Coast, Kewatin to the Rocky Fjordlands, and national forest reserves in many parts of the country exist. An increasing trend has been adventure tourism destined for the remote Arctic wilderness of Surono.
Largest metropolitan areas
|Urban area||Main cities||Province(s)||Population|
|1||Greater Kirkenes||Kirkenes, Mistwygn, Hamilton, Aurora, Olstawyth, Bramertown, Scarborough||Noua Cymru||18,764,822|
|2||Outineau/Région Ôshega||Outineau, Dorval, Rivière-Grens, Longevin, Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Vaudreuil||Beaulac||14,249,537|
|3||Burnaby/Lower Lakeland||Burnaby, Stolel, Coquitlam, Mineru, North Burnaby, Riverfort||Konoha||7,522,693|
|4||Grand-Saint-Rémy||Saint-Rémy, Hull-Gatineau, Île-Lévis||Beaulac||5,190,608|
|5||Latrobe/Kardinia Valley||Latrobe, Glen Eira, Exhibition, Fitzroy, St. Kilda||Etnier||4,798,314|
|6||Clayquot||Clayquot, Selkirk, Brandon||Etnier||4,202,719|
|7||Breton-Dartmouth||Breton, Bedford, Cole Harbour||Haligonia||4,170,759|
|8||Ulyanōf||Ulyanōf, North Fork||Lupinissia||4,002,713|
|10||National Capital Region||Neorvins||Federal Territory||2,693,771|
- Main article: History of Kelssek
The earliest known political entity to which Kelssek's history can be traced is the Kingdom of Guedia, whose first monarch, King Kennith I, was crowned in 1522. Social and economic pressures of the period of industrialization, precipitated by crop failures and a famine led to the Partisans Rebellion in 1837-38. Although successfully repressed in the rest of the kingdom, defeat of royalist forces in the north led to Etnier becoming an independent republic. Furthermore, the legitimacy and fiscal position of the crown was crippled leading to the June Revolution in 1876.
The republican revolution was led by a diverse coalition of socialist and anti-monarchist groups, and this coupled with regional rivalries meant that the process of Confederation, which was finally proclaimed on July 1, 1886, was far from inevitable. The first elections for the House of Commons were held three months later. The premiership of Kieran Pearson (1952-1964), which saw organized economic development and the introduction of universal healthcare and education, is widely credited for its critical role in creating the Kelssek of the present day.
Kelssek today is relatively peaceful, notable for its high living standard, lack of drug laws and the high value it places on environmental protection and civil rights. The growth of right-wing extremism in the early 21st century culminated in the 2006 August Crisis, which saw the kidnap and murder of a Cabinet minister as well as a spate of bombings of symbols of socialism and the labour movement. Following a crackdown on the turmoil, however, the country has remained stable and peaceful since that time and the democratic constitutional order was maintained.
Kelssek has an industrialized economy heavily influenced by socialist ideology, characterized by a large public sector and widespread employee-ownership which has led to a high standard of living for its residents. Although "Worker's Corporation" firms are in fact private enterprises, profit-oriented "private enterprise" as would be recognized in most countries is mostly unknown in Kelssek; the closest equivalents would be small technology-based firms and owner-operated retail businesses. An extensive welfare state provides the population with free healthcare, free education to the undergraduate level, employment insurance, child care, and pensions, among many other things, although as a result the population pays relatively high rates of tax.
While there is a strong manufacturing sector, Kelssek's economy remains reliant on its natural resources and agricultural industry. In recent years the tourism sector has also grown dramatically and the city of Kirkenes is a major financial and business hub. Kelssek is noted for its strong environmental laws and its strict enforcement of workplace and product safety laws. More economic freedom is permitted in most consumer goods industries, but all utility, energy, transport and primary industry companies are either nationalized or strictly regulated, many of the nation's largest companies are state-owned, and the government is generally expected by the populace to carefully manage the economy. Worker ownership grew immensely during Kieran Pearson's government but stagnated from the 1980s before being once again encouraged by the current Cressey government. Most unions are members of the Trades Union Congress and combined, organized labour controls about a third of the economy through equity stakes. There is also a relatively high rate of domestic savings and investment; the economy remains relatively closed off from global capital markets.
Kelssek's main industries are manufacturing, tourism, agriculture and natural resources. With its educated, skilled workforce Kelssek has built a large skill-based manufacturing sector, with a very large civilian aerospace industry with Celestar Aerospace among the world's largest builders of commercial airliners. Microelectronics, motorcycles, automobiles and consumer electronics are the other main manufacturing products, while aluminium, iron ore, and uranium are major primary products. Meats, grains, dairy products and tree fruits (apples, pears, peaches, etc.) are the main agricultural products while Kelssekian beer, wines, and liquors are also important exports.
Kelssek enjoys a modern network of public transportation infrastructure. Cities have traditionally maintained well-funded mass transit networks, which are generally the primary means for commuting in most Kelssekian cities. Railway networks and airports provide connections between cities. Road highways are primarily a provincial responsibility, however road development has not generally been a priority of transportation policies, with rail being preferred for covering long distances. Many small remote communities, especially in the west and northwest, also rely entirely on air links for transport. The Velocit high speed railway, which began operations in 2009, is the newest addition to Kelssek's transportation network and operates international passenger services to Vekaiyu with the completion of the Yasteria line in 2017.
People and culture
Kelssekians in general are socially liberal, egalitarian, and secular (if not outright atheist). Kelssekian society is mostly free of stratification, particularly economically, extremes of either wealth and poverty are virtually non-existent, although social class distinctions do persist somewhat. Furthermore, the individualism of liberal socio-political philosophy tends to be regarded quite negatively; as a result there is a moderately assimilationist insistence that new arrivals should become "part of the collective" in some way.
The majority of Kelssek residents are Caucasian and the second-largest ethnic group of East Asians makes up about 20%. A substantial number of people consider themselves of mixed ethnicity. Kelssek's immigration policy encourages immigrants to preserve their traditions and unique cultures, but to identify with the nation as a whole and with Kelssek's national identity and values - the nature of which is a topic of frequent debate but invariably includes egalitarian values, respect for nature, and scaring foreigners with exaggerated stories about winter and bears.
- Caucasian: 54%
- British Isles origin: 36%
- French origin: 12%
- other Caucasian: 7%
- Asian: 19%
- African: 8%
- Arab: 4%
- Mixed background: 14%
Sports play a very important role in Kelssekian culture and major sporting events are liable to paralyze the country. Hockey is Kelssek's unofficial national sport and enjoys almost universal popularity, while rugby is also popular throughout the nation, though to a lesser degree. Football (soccer), water polo, tennis, lacrosse, curling and wintersports in general are also very popular. There is also a very lively extreme sports scene, especially skateboarding, with Kelssek home of some of the world's most well-known skaters. Kelssekians take full advantage of the country's long winters and rugged mountains, making skiing and snowboarding popular activities, while wakeboarding is also popular in the coastal provinces.
The major professional sports leagues include the Kelssek Hockey League for ice hockey, the Rugby Superleague for rugby union, the Kelssek Water Polo League, and the Kelssek Football League for soccer. Professional national competition also exists for lacrosse, swimming, curling, alpine skiing, and motorcycle racing, among other sports.
Kelssek's rugby and hockey teams have both had some success at the international level, most notably back-to-back wins in the 11th and 12th Rugby World Cup, and the nation has hosted the Fourth Winter Olympics, World Cup of Hockey, and the Rugby World Cup, as well as co-hosting World Cup 46. Kelssek is also strong in swimming and in winter sports. The Kelssek Olympic Committee is responsible for Olympic Games participation and the success of their Olympians has been greeted with delight by Kelssekians.
Religion plays a very tiny role, if at all, in Kelssekian society, and a majority of Kelssekians consider themselves to have no religion. Under the constitution, Kelssek is a secular state. Religion is considered a private matter and public expressions of religion are unusual, to the point of being socially unacceptable. Christianity is the most common religion, followed by Buddhism and Islam.
English and French are the official languages, but a multiplicity of languages are spoken throughout the country. English, the most widely spoken language, is also the common language for communication between the different language groups in Kelssek, while the government of Beaulac promotes French as the basis of interculturalisme Beaulacois and cultural tensions occasionally erupt from the desire to protect and advance the usage of the French language in the francophone provinces of Beaulac and Roites. Significant immigrant populations speaking many different languages reside in Kelssek. Notable language groups include Japanese, Russian, Hindi, Arabic and Cantonese.
Kelssek has a large, vibrant domestic media industry, and produces world-class literature, art, television and cinema which is exported globally. The publicly-funded Kelssek Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) is the country's largest radio and television provider and is mandated to provide programming accessible to the entire nation in both English and French. The KBC operates autonomously from the government and exists alongside private broadcasters, the largest being Channel Twelve Corporation, the TV6 Network, and KelWest (owner of the TVFour network and the French-language Télé-A). The United Kelssek Broadcasters Corporation (UKC) is a private company which broadcasts the National Sports Network and is also Kelssek's largest cable and satellite service provider, although a multiplicity of private providers compete in this market. Cable and satellite subscriptions have dropped precipitously in the past few years, although providers are beginning to offer "pick-and-pay" options to regain customers.
Television has no official content regulation or censorship, besides the amount of commercial advertising allowed during a certain period of time, which is 16 minutes per hour. No commercial advertising is allowed during programs whose target audience is children under 13. The KBC is bound by regulations requiring it to have at least 60% locally-produced content in its daily programming but is otherwise free from content restrictions or censorship.
The KBC also operates three nationwide radio networks, with Radio One broadcasting news and current affairs programming and Radio Two and Radio Three focused on music and arts programmes. Its international network is the KBC World Service, which is broadcast internationally on FM, AM, shortwave and satellite.
Kelssek has three large English daily national newspapers: the National Independent, the Chronicle and Herald, and the National Telegraph; and one French national daily - Le Courrier Kelssek . Other major papers include the Kirkenes Courier, which has the nation's largest English circulation, the Neorvins Herald, the Burnaby Star, L'Étoile (based in Outineau), which has the largest circulation when French and English editions are combined, the Etnier Free Press (based in Clayquot), and the Western Telegram.
Prominent newsmagazines include The Red Flag, published by the Trades Union Congress, which focuses on labour and social issues, and the more general and centrist current affairs publication Global, and the magazines Pacific Review and Great Bear are known for publishing quality longform journalism, poetry and short fiction. The monthly Popular Geography focuses on science, photojournalism, and the environment. University student publications are also widely read in their local communities and a wide multiplicity of independent and underground publications exist. The most well-known of these is the satirical "newspaper" The Beaver-Toque.
- 1 January - New Years' Day
- Typically in March/April - Good Friday
- 1 May - Labour Day
- 1 July - Confederation Day
- 18 September - Constitution Day
- 3rd Monday in October - Samhain
- 24-26 December - Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Boxing Day
- 7 January - Christmas (Lupinissia)
- 2nd Monday in February - Family and Community Day (except 1st Monday in March for Konoha)
- 1 March - St. David's Day (Noua Cymru)
- 17 March - St. Patrick's Day (all except Noua Cymru, Lupinissia, Beaulac and Roites)
- 24 June - Fête de la Saint-Jean-Baptiste (Beaulac, Roites)
- 1st Monday in August - civic holiday (except Etnier, Kewatin, Haligonia)
- 25 October - Republic Day (Etnier)
- varies - Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr (Lupinissia)
The August civic holiday is known as Simcoe Day in Noua Cymru, Heritage Day in Conryia, Konoha Day in Konoha, and Natal Day in Haligonia.
Government and politics
Kelssek is a federation under a system of parliamentary democracy and responsible government. The head of state is the President and the head of the government is the Prime Minister of Kelssek. In practice, the Prime Minister wields executive power as the president's role is by convention mainly ceremonial. Individual rights are protected by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, a constitutional document which empowers the courts to nullify or order remedies for violations of rights by either public or private entities.
Kelssekians generally have a left-wing political culture and orientation, and vote in left-wing governments almost by default. The four major political parties are the Green Party, the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party and the United Communist Party. They are largely divided on the lines of economic ideology, with both the Liberal and Conservative parties supporting the existence of capitalism and a market-based economy, albeit to quite differing degrees; the UCP seeking to abolish private business as a long-term goal but supporting socialist policies in the short term, and the Greens on the fence, drifting between semi-capitalist social democracy and full socialism. The 2010 election saw a breakthrough by the Beaulac nationalist party Bloc Beaulacois and it has gained a strong but stagnant share of the vote.
- See also: Parliament of Kelssek
The Parliament of Kelssek (Parlement du Kelssek in French) is bicameral, with 419 members forming the lower House of Commons (Chambre des Communes) and 190 members, 5 for each province and the Neorvins Federal Territory, forming the upper Congress of the Federation.
All money bills dealing with taxation and the budget must originate in the House. The Congress is able to veto legislation passed by the House and has the authority to investigate and hear legal cases involving government officials, but otherwise has no legislative power. In 2007, Kelssek switched from a first-past-the-post system to a mixed-member proportional system of electing Members of Parliament. Members are elected from geographically-based ridings using preferential voting, combined with a mixed-member formula which "tops up" parties which win fewer ridings than their share of the party vote, to a maximum of 65 party list seats. Parties must pass a 5 per cent popular vote threshold to benefit from the top-up. The majoritarian-biased system attempted to reduce strategic voting and create space for small-party representation while retaining majoritarian features.
Elections for the House of Commons must be held at least once every four years, and for the Congress of the Federation every six years. The leader of the party which has the most seats in the House of Commons generally becomes the Prime Minister and is the head of government. He or she then selects the Cabinet from members of their own party or an allied party who are by convention elected members of the House of Commons. The government must resign if it loses a vote of confidence, a situation in which the President decides either to call an early election or to appoint as Prime Minister another MP who is able to gain the House's confidence.
- Main article: President of Kelssek
The President of Kelssek is a primarily ceremonial and non-political position, although it holds important reserve powers which are by convention only used in times of political deadlock or crisis. These mainly take the form of refusing to act on the advice of the Cabinet, since practically all powers of government from appointing judges to issuing passports are formally exercised through the presidency. The president is elected by popular vote using an instant-runoff preferential ballot every five years, and may serve a maximum of two terms. Candidates must be citizens at least 18 years old who are nominated by a two-thirds vote of either the House or the Congress up to 24 months before the presidential election.
The President is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the military. The President is expected to defer to the will of Parliament and the government and exercise his or her powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister. Thus, while the President can effectively veto any legislation passed by Parliament by refusing to sign it into law, or dismiss the Cabinet, such events are rare and the only case of dismissal (the removal of Pierre Gautain as prime minister in 2008) was considered a constitutional crisis.
The current and 16th President is Rónán Garrity, who took office in 2016.
The constitution of Kelssek gives provincial governments control over local health, education, and law enforcement issues, infrastructure, property, judiciary, and taxation, as well as "Generally all Matters of a merely local or private Nature in the Province."
Provincial legislature elections are held according to their provincial election laws, and the leader of the party with the most seats becomes that province's Premier, and holds a function similar to that of the Prime Minister, but at the provincial level. In addition, the President appoints a Lieutenant-Governor who is able to veto any legislation passed by the legislature, though in practice the use of the veto is rare since it is invariably controversial. There are several provincial-level political parties in each province, and while many are affiliates of the main national parties, there are a great number of major parties independent of a federal-level party.
The High Court of Kelssek is the highest judicial body and has jurisdiction over any legal case within Kelssek's jurisdiction. The next highest is the Federal Court, then the Federal Court of Appeal. Each province also has its own judiciary system, and the systems extend from the provincial Supreme Court and Court of Appeal to municipal and county courts. Judges in both federal and provincial courts are appointed by the Prime Minister of Kelssek based on reccomendations from official judicial selection committees. The Congress of the Federation has the power to block appointments to the High Court by majority vote within 60 days of the formal announcement.
Kelssek is a member of the World Assembly, as well as the United Nations Old Guard. The nation has previously sent delegates to serve as members of the East Pacific Magisteral Assembly, as Provost of the Magisterium, and to assume roles in the East Pacific regional judiciary. The International Fair Trade Agreement was controversially repudiated by the incoming United Communist government in 2015, although a diplomatic delegation to the Anti-Capitalist Alliance is maintained to check in on things once in a while.