|Country||Kingdom of Fluvique|
|Body||House of Speakers|
|Chief of Government||Charles Capitanni (SJP)|
|Population (2015 estimates)||6,591,890|
|Demonym(s)||Mevosian (m) /Mevossiene (f)|
Mevosa is the capital and largest city of Fluvique, and one of the largest metropolitan areas in Rushmore.It is located on the western coast of the Yellow River, in a zone know as duck's bight. The Greater Mevosa conurbation, which also includes several Mevosa Province districts, has a population of around eight million.
Aboriginal peoples settled down near the actuals Regency Park and Rose Gardens and the zone was named Mhe-Vo-Ska. After, the Spaniards colonizers established a garrison and the first fort. After the independence in 1821, the city and his port was part of several struggles and was the capital of the Republic, the Confederation and, since 1871, the Kingdom. Despite many projects, the city limits were placed between the North and Union river.
Mevosa contains famous landmarks including The White Palace, the April Square, The Royal Concert Hall, Mevosa Cathedral, Royal Planetarium, parks as Constitution and April, the Old Port market, The Little Angels boulevard and the Revolution Avenue, one of the widest and longest avenues in the world. Mevosa has the major concentration of theatres and museums per capita in the world, including the National Museum, Royal Natural History Museum, Royal Planetarium, The Royal Concert Hall and Union theatre. The Mevosa Subway is one of the oldest in the world, with the first line inaugurated in 1908.
A global city with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, fashion, healthcare, media and tourism, Mevosa is the economic center of Fluvique and is the starter point of the railway system and the highway system. The city is a top tourist destination, and is known for its European-style architecture, especially on his French influences, with big palaces, cafes, boulevards and parks.
Mevosa is defined as a multicultural city, being home to multiple ethnic and religious groups. Several languages are spoken in the city in addition to Spanish, French and English, contributing to its culture and the dialect spoken in the city and in some other parts of the country. The city port was the final destination for millions of immigrants in the late XIX century and until 1950, which contributed to change the local and national society and created the nowadays Fluvique. The Royal Statistical Office estimates a total population of more than 6,591,890 people living in Mevosa and around 8,359,210 in Greater Mevosa. Around 19% of the inhabitants are immigrants, but 89% of the population are sons of immigrants.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Cityscape
- 6 Architecture
- 7 Infrastructure
The Spanish sailors that arrived to the coast in 1535 to establish a fort, named the zone as Saint Marguerite of the Valley, believing that they where in the legendary Spices Valley, described by the French. However, after a year, they realized that the zone was not a Valley but a low area between two rivers. The colonizers had trade networks with the indigenous people of the zone, due to two little villages near the actual Regency park and the Rose garden in the north part of the city. The natives had the word Mhe-Vo-Ska for the area, meaning "town or towns between two rivers".
The second settlement in 1556, founded the city of Mevosha around the fort, renamed Saint Marguerite of Mevosha. Over the next decades, the name changed from the original to the actual Mevosa, officialized in 1588 when the reconstructed fort was named Saint John of Mevosa.
The city history truly began in 1536, when the lands around the fort were distributed among many sailors from Spain and Italy and the families of the soldiers in the fort. The city coast had ravines and his waters were not enough deep to allow the ships to land in the center, where the fort was. Thus, the Spaniards created the Old Port in the mouth of the actual Union river, called Bloody Creek, due to his waters. Until the early XVIII century, the city was divided into two: a port zone in the south and the main village with the square, markets, fort and the General Lieutenant houses and colonial offices, in the center.
The aboriginal peoples were more friendlies than in other colonies around the world, but the Spaniards expelled all the aboriginals to the west, isolating the cities from the hinterland and his peoples. From his early days, Fluvique depended primarily on trade. The fields around the village were excellent for the agriculture and livestock and quickly became the main resourse for the economy, also sharing importance with the logging and fishery. His location in middle of the colonies made the city the capital and most important city of the nascent Viceroyalty. His growing port was the center of commercial activities, absorbing the flow of all the Yellow River coast. The citizens quickly became the richest of the Yellow River provinces, having a life-style similar to the european, importing customs and people from the old world. However, the Spanish authorities reacted increasing taxes and establishing a stronger monopoly with the metropolis, to the detriment of the Mevosians. This led to the develop of a complex smuggling system, with the permission of some colonial authorities, impulsing even more the commerce of wheat and leathers.
While Spanish citizens and their sons were part of the local government, chiefs of the militia or authorized merchants, the Mevosians prospered with the smuggling and general trade, becoming part of the local aristocracy, every time more influent.
By the late XVIII century, the city was the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Yellow River, had the first paved street in the continent, many parks and squares with European style, the most important port in the region, the centre of the colonial government, cultural, economic and political. The great prosperity was extended from 1750 to 1800, receiving also the first great immigration wave, specially Spaniards, Italians and French and was populated by lawyers, doctors, merchants and landowners.
Since his foundation and until 1808 the city suffered many invasions. In 1578, a group of british corsairs tried to disembark in the mouth of the North river, but was expelled. In 1583, in the context of the dutch revolt, an United Provinces expedition bombed the fort and the port, but were repelled after a skirmish. In 1604 French sailors from Saint Lucie colony blocked the port, but were defeated by a Spanish fleet two weeks after. The fourth invasion was in charge of Sveen Karlsland, a danish adventurer, in 1656 but was expelled by the local militia. In 1698 the frenchman Auguste Etienne was killed near the actual Defense station after disembark in the city. To prevent more invasions, the city was remodeled: the fort was completely renewed and the main buildings (such as the Viceroy's lodgings, the treasury and the local assembly) were placed inside it. The Arms square was expanded and also the church and the surrounding colonial houses were replaced by modern buildings. Also was the starting point of a practice that will be common over the next centuries: fill the coast and gain land to the river. TThat first attempt added at least two hundred meters of coast, which became parks, squares and a new port in 1880.
Independence and Civil Wars
During the Anglo-Spanish War (1796–1808), Great Britain was interested in the ports of Fluvique and the trade opportunities of the colonies. Since the Independence of the United States and with the start of Napoleon's Continental System, the British were seeking for new markets for his products. The potential of the colonies and the war between the two nations were the perfect scenario for an invasion. On February 7, 1808 the British forces disembarked in Goose Cove. After an agreement with the Spanish authorities, the troops entered without resistance into five columns in the streets, being watched by the people from balconies and roofs. They took the Arms Square, the Fort, the Port and the main colonial buildings.
Despite the fact that many of the upper class members were happy of the new colonial status and swore loyalty to the Empire, the mid and lower classes, and also the local troops, were upset for the Spanish attitude. A group of lawyers, merchants and army officials created a secret society called Tobacco brothers and created a militia and besieged the British and finally expelled them on April 5. The people's resistance and his active participation in the defense and reconquest of the city increased the power and popularity of the Fluviquean leaders and also boost the influence and fervor of the independentist movements. Mevosa won military power, by a militia formed by locals, and moral prestige. The Spanish authorities returned to the power and tried to disarm the people and calm the general mood. However, the people were angry and on April 7, the militia attacked the Mevosa's fort and forced the colonial government to leave the city. The National Assembly was formed in April 8, ending with more than 270 years of Spanish rule and starting the independence process.
As consequence, the power changed from the Spaniards to the paysans. The city of around 50.000 inhabitants was transformed in a prosperous port, consumer of manufactures from Great Britain and customs from France. In the first moment, and during almost all the Independence War, Mevosa was the primary motivator of uprisings in the rest of the colonies. The National Assembly was replaced by a National Junta composed by representatives of across the country and having their meetings at the old fort. The National Assembly inherited the centralist power of the old colonial government and the successive government forms of the new country placed his headquarters in Mevosa: National Junta, First Public Council, Second Public Council, Directory and Supreme Assembly.
On march of 1817 Mevosa, Point Territory, Saint Matthew and South Cape signed a Defence Treaty, creating a future Confederacy. This immediately cause a urgency reunion of the Supreme Assembly, who tried to provoke the resign of the Director, Antony Mary. He was fully defeated on March 11 and was forced to resign and went to the exile in Europe, causing a national acephalia until february of 1818.
The Supreme Assembly convened a congress in the city of Crenel, to finally declare de independence and unite the country. The National Congress declared the formal independence in July 16, 1821. The representatives of Geneva and Betham tried to pass the 1821's Constitution to create a Federal Republic. Mevosa and their allies retired from the Congress and make efective the Preliminar Treaty and make a new one: The Confederation Act, signed by Mevosa, Point Territory, Crenel, Saint Matthew and South Cape. In contraposition, Betham, Geneva, Alkanter, Greencastle and Saint Lucie signed The Plum Fields Treaty, dividing the country into two separated states. The war started five months after and lasted until 1826, when William Flash was defeated in Nevaux plains. The republicans entered in the capital, swore the constitution in the April square and declared the Republic of Fluvique on August, 1826. Miguel Mush became the first president.
The weak government tried to survive in a hostile environment, but after many attempts of uprisings, the National Army answered with more violence and thousands were executed during their first five months. The problems in the provinces and the secession of Liberty from Geneva, led to the deposition of the first president and created a Triumvirate. The federal government was weaker than never and a revolution exploded on December 1, 1834. The rebels, leaded by Manuel Estephan, attacked the fort, took the city, imprisoned the republicans and started a major mobilization. After his victory at Founded Pass, the Confederation of Fluvique was established, with every province acting as a state and Mevosa dealing with the foreign relations in their name. The city grew for a population of 82.000 inhabitants in 1836 to 95.000 in 1851.
In 1857 the port was blockaded by Great Britain and France, causing a trade deficit and more uprisings. The general William Hoore defeated the Confederation in the battle of Deep Creek and besieged Mevosa for one year. The army finally entered in the capital and declared the unification of the country. Mevosa was declared a open city resulting in a week murders, rapes, robberies, called the Regrettable Week, the most bloody and dark episode of the city's history.
John Swanson, the governor of Mevosa, started a revolution against Hoore. This time, the war was total and every province fought against each other. After the Battle of Corn Fields, the old enemies of Betham and Mevosa signed the Pact of National Welfare in 1869 and after beat all the other governors, united the country under their rule.
The civil wars literally decimated the city and his population. Thus, starting in 1870, the city began to receive thousands of Europeans, especially from Spain, Italy, France and Great Britain. They changed the customs and idiosyncrasies of the city. Also the constructions modified the city: new railways, roads, squares were built in different styles, specially the Italian. With the creation of the Kingdom in 1871 the city was fully overhauled. The April and Constitution parks were opened, the White Palace was built for the King, the old fort was demolished, the cathedral and concert hall were restored and the Parliamentary Palace was built. The city had more than 1.000.000 inhabitants in 1895, but only 550.000 were natives.
The prosperity of the World's feeder was shown in the April Revolution Centennial Exposition in 1908. Many modern boulevards were opened, inspired in the Haussmann plan, more than ten palaces were built, the July 16th and Revolution avenues were opened, more than hundred squares were opened, the first subway was inaugurated in 1908, the public services were modernized and the coast was expanded 400 metres to build the Centennial Port in 1880. The port was inefficient after ten years, due to the increase of the traffic and the new ships. Finally the New Port was opened in 1919 in the north of the city, and the old port in the mouth of the Union river was abandoned and caused a major unemployment. The Centennial port was buried and the coast was expanded for a last time and three new parks were created over the old port, the nowadays Bernache, Gabriel I and Acadie.
During the "Great Coming" (1875-1920), the immigrants populated the city and Mevosa had the world's largest growth rate and, in 1914, reached a total population of more than 2.100.000 citizens. During 1940s and 1950s, a system of highways were opened, bordering the city and connecting some avenues and boulevards of the centre. By a Royal Decree, their limits were fixed between the North and Union rivers and creating a barrier of parks in the hillsides of both rivers to prevent more constructions and allowing the population to have access to more parks. However, the Socialist governments increased the city population and also the internal migration caused by the industrialization formed the megacity known as Greater Mevosa.
After seventy years without a local government, the city won the Capital-District status, giving the opportunity to elect a local parliament, the Speakers House, which is in charge of elect a Chief of Government every five years. Koert Lauwers was elected the first Chief of Government in 1950.
Over the next decades, the impossibility of open new highways or expand the streets due to the palaces and historical buildings built until 1930, the subway was expanded with five more lines and a new airport was constructed in the called Greater Mevosa or Metropolitan Mevosa, connected by the Begber highway.
In November of 2002 the city was the main place of the riots and marches calling for the resignation of the Prime Minister and his cabinet. More than twenty banks were set fire and the thefts were common. The police tried to expel the people from the April Square and five person died in the combat, but the forces had to retreat to the Parliament Palace. They Parliament voted a censure motion in a night session, minutes before that the people entered to the palace and forced all of them to run away. The Prime Minister Charles Wendell and some of his cabinet had to escape on a ambulance, in the middle of a rain of stones and flares. The conflict ended with the destitution of the 40 parliament members, at least half of the provinces without government and national acephalia, in the worst institutional crisis of the Fluviquean history.
In 2004 the city allowed the same-sex marriage, being the first of the country and one of the first in Rushmore.
In 2005 Mevosa suffered one of his bigger tragedies, when two trains crashed at Defense station, causing 70 deads and more than 800 wounded. This eventually lead to the nationalization of the service and the creation of Fluviquean Railways.
In 2013 Charles Capitanni, from the Social Justice Party, became the first Chief of Government after defeat the Conservative Party for the first time ever.
The limits of Mevosa proper are determined by the North and Union rivers, the shore of the Yellow River in the east and a imaginary line in the Lac de régates in the west. The city lies in the indian plains region, except for some zones in the neighborhoods of New Port, April Park, Pleasant Park, High Park, Par-Maison, General Swanson and Unionmouth; these were all built on reclaimed land along the coasts of the Yellow River. Originally the coast was at a few meters of the Old Fort and the April Square, but since the mid and late XIX century, the coast was extended around six kilometres in some zones, creating ports, parks and residential zones. Also was crossed by different lagoons, which were drained and urbanised. The only two that resisted are today part of The Rose Garden and April Park.
Mevosa has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with very hot and humid summers and mild winters. The warmest month is January, with a daily average of 23.5 °C (77.2 °F). Most days see temperatures in the 26 to 31 °C with nights between 15 to 20 °C . Heat waves from east can push temperatures above 35 °C, yet the city is subject to cold fronts that bring short periods of pleasant weather and crisp nights. Relative humidity is 64–70% in the summer, so the heat index is higher than the true air temperature. The highest temperature ever recorded was 41.9 °C on 16 January 1946. Spring (September to middle December) and autumn (middle March to middle June) are generally mild and volatile, with averages temperatures of around 17 °C (63 °F) and frequent thunderstorms, especially during the spring.
Winters are temperate, but the city centre experiences frost from May to August. Relative humidity averages in the upper 80s%, which means the city is noted for its moderate to heavy fogs during autumn and winter. July is the coolest month, with an average temperature of 8.6 ºC. Cold spells originating from the Fever Mountains occur every year, due to the Frozen Kid phenomenon and, combined with the high wintertime humidity, conditions in winter may feel much cooler than the measured temperature. Most days peak reach 10 to 18 °C and drop to 1 to 5 ºC at night. Northerly winds may keep temperatures below 8 °C for a few days, whereas south and westerly winds may bring temperatures above 20ºC for a few days; these variatons are normal.
The lowest temperature ever recorded in Mevosa was −7.1 °C on 16 July 1912. The snow is very rare in the city, with the last snowfall occurred on 16 July 2013 when, during the coldest winter in Fluvique in almost 20 years, severe snowfalls and blizzards hit the south and middle areas of the country. It was the first major snowfall in the city in 98 years. In total, the recorded snowfalls were in 1912, 1915, 2007 and 2013.
Spring is very windy and variable: there may be heat waves with temperatures of 33 °C even in early October. Severe thunderstorms are likely between September and December.
The city receives 1,348.6 mm of rainfall per year. Rain can be expected at any time of year and hail storms are not unusual.
In the census of 2010 there were 6,420,205 people residing in the city. The population of the Metropolian Area was 7,810,060. The population of the proper city is stagnant in 6 million since 1990, but the contributions to the city growth are mainly from immigrants (both internal and external), due to a characteristic low birth rate. However, the surrounding districts have expanded more and continue growing, creating a conurbation of more than 12 million people.
The 2015 estimated population is around 6,591,890 inhabitants, reaching a historical peak. However, is expected a slow but consistent decline in the decades to come. This will be caused due to the de-industrialization of the city (the main industrial parks are in the province's hinterland), high rent, the gentrification of the south communes, the transformation of living space into offices and the prohibitions that regulate the manhattanization.
Mevosa is officially divided in fifty neighbourhoods. The oldest were established by the Spaniards during the colonial period. In the late XIX century a new generation of neighbourhoods appeared, named for landmarks in their area or local customs. Each one has a unique history and population characteristics, creating a cultural variety that make Mevosa a global and multicultural city. The north and east neighbourhoods are the most wealthy, with exclusive shops and big high-class residential areas, such as Castle, Pleasant Park, Royal Lodgings and also the newly created High Park in the east.
Likewise, the neighbourhoods are grouped into twenty communes of two or three neighbourhoods, that elect a Speaker to serve in the Mevosa Parliament.
|1||Castle, Royal Lodgings, Pleasant Park|
|2||Clockwood, Parc-Maison, High Park|
|3||April Park, New Port|
|4||Pasky, Saint Paul|
|5||Sophia, Marguerite, Chaumont|
|7||Unionmouth, General Swanson, Abattoirs|
|8||Constitution, Agreable Coline|
|9||Mont-Martre, North Chapel, Blacksmith|
|10||Gunners Park, Congress|
|12||Colleges, Workshops, Reservoirs|
|15||Hockey, Queen, Markets|
|16||Union Channel, Pilar, Slaughterhouses|
|17||South Cross, Saint Nicholas, Saint-Romain|
|18||Saint Kitts, Zaragoza, The Palm|
|19||Saint Happenings, Princewood|
|20||Little Horse, Les Champs, Règates|
According to the 2010 Fluviquean census, 1,594,281 residents of the City of Mevosa and 4,212,344 residents of the metropolitan area were born outside of Metropolitan France. 511,238 of these in the City of Mevosa and 918,505 in the Metropolitan Mevosa were people born in foreign countries. According to the 2010 census, 245, 842 residents were immigrants from Rushmore and the rest were from East Europe and Asia, among other countries.
Urbanism and architecture
Mevosa architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris. There is a mix of Art Deco, Art Nouveu, Neo-Gothic and French Bourbon styles. Italian and French influences increased from the 1870s until the 1930s. Renovations of the city began in 1870s, when European influences penetrated intro the country, reflected by several buildings of Mevosa such as the Saint Bernard Church, the Parliament Palace, the Royal Concert Hall, the White Palace and La Blanqueada market.
Modern Mevosa owes much to its remodelling through the late 19th century: wide and large avenues and boulevards, parks and public buildings. In the boulevards, aligned street-fronts, aligned top-floor balconies and aligned groves. The high residential population of its city coast and centre makes it much different from most other cities.
Paris's urbanism laws have been under strict control since the early 17th century, particularly where street-front alignment, building height and building distribution is concerned. In recent developments, a 1974–2010 building height limitation of 37 metres (121 ft) was raised to 50 m (160 ft) in central areas and 180 metres (590 ft) in some of Paris's peripheral quarters, yet for some of the city's more central quarters, even older building-height laws still remain in effect. The 210 metres (690 ft) Montparnasse tower was both Paris and France's tallest building until 1973, but this record has been held by the La Défense quarter Tour First tower in Courbevoie since its 2011 construction. A new project for La Défense, called Hermitage Plaza, launched in 2009, proposes to build two towers, 85 and 86 stories or 320 metres (1,050 feet) high, which would be the tallest buildings in the European Union, just slightly shorter than the Eiffel Tower. They were scheduled for completion in 2019 or 2020, but as of January 2015 construction had not yet begun, and there were questions in the press about the future of the project
Mevosa's urbanism laws have been under strict control since the early 20th century, particularly where street-front alignment, building height and building distribution is concerned. Also, any building built before 1920 is protected by law and any attempt of demolition or modification is subject to a public comittee composed by local and international experts. The city can be divided in two sectors: in the east, building height limitation its of 40 metres, comprising 20 neighborhoods. In 1990, a strip between Centennial and Saint-Romain train stations, was open for demolition and the limit was raised to 230 metres, 50 metres above the limit of the rest of the city. The 210 Mary Palace Tower is both Mevosa and Fluvique's tallest building. The area has now has an average height of 180 metres and is the greatest example of manhattanization of the city although almost every neighborhood in the west zone of Mevosa is already experiencing this process.
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