|Kingdom of Fluvique
Royaume de la Fluvique
Reino de Fluvique
|Motto: Unity and freedom above all else
|Anthem: Fluviquean National Anthem
|Official languages||English French and Spanish,|
|Ethnic groups||93.4% White
|Government||Constitutional Monarchy and Federal Parliamentary Democracy|
|-||Queen of Fluvique, sovereing of the Yellow River and Protector of the Country||Eugenie|
|-||Prime Minister||August Moine|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|-||April Revolution||April 8, 1808|
|-||Declaration of Independence||July 16, 1821|
2 sq mi
|Drives on the||right|
Fluvique, officially the Kingdom of Fluvique, is a sovereign country located in Rushmore, consisting in 12 provinces and three territories with limited autonomy. It extend from the Yellow River in the west to the Fever Mountains in the north, sharing borders with The Republic of Cohina at west and with the Republic of Kloset at east, with the Yellow River between both countries (considered internal river of Fluvique)
The land now called Fluvique has been inhabited for millennia by various aboriginal peoples, which lived in the west and central lands. Colonies were established in the late XVI century in the coasts of the Yellow River. As consequence of several conflicts the nine original colonies deposed the colonial government and formed a National Assembly, starting the self government process. The National Congress declared the independence after a twelve year war on July 16th 1821. Due to the lack of consensus about the government form of the new nation in the Congress, five provinces formed a Confederation and, immediately the other provinces created a Republic. Several civil wars ravaged the country for a half century, until 1869, where the country was reorganized after the Conciliation Pact and the Public Safety Committee offered the Fluviquean crown to an european royal family to stop the internal fights and make effective the constitution sanctioned in 1867. The first yellow river ruler was crowned in 1871, establishing the Prime Minister charge and the formation of a popular-elected parliament.
Fluvique is a Federal Parliamentary Democracy and constitutional monarchy, with Queen Eugenie as the current head of state. The country is officially trilingual at federal level, with Spanish, French and English used with no difference. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries promoted for the government in the late XIX century and early XX century, with a population of approximately 37 million as of 2015. It's economy is based upon its abundant natural resources, extensive fertile farmlands and a highly literate and skilled population. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, health and education. Fluvique is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the multiverse, classified as a very-high income economy with a very high rating on the Human Development Index.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
- 8 Infrastructure
The name "Fluvique" is derived from Latin Fluvium ("river"), a noun associated with the Yellow River, with borders the country, and also by its aboriginal peoples, called "Fluvians" by French explorers. "Fluviqueland" was already in common usage by the 18th century, lately contracted into "Fluvique". The Spaniard possessions were named named "Viceroyalty of the Yellow River" by the Spanish Empire; "Provinces of La Fluvique", by the French Empire and "Dominion of Fluvique", by the British Empire. In 1812, the country was formally named "Fluviquean Provinces". In 1825, after the end of the first civil war, the country was named "Fluviquean Republic". From 1842 to 1865, the country used the Fluviquean Confederation as legal name. The 1870 constitution officially ruled the name as "The Kingdom of Fluvique".
In the English language the country is simply referred to as "Fluvique". In the Spanish and French languages "Fluvique" is feminine and is usually referred as "La Fluvique"
Archaeological studies have indicated human presence in the west regions from 8.000 to 7.000 BC and in northern Greencastle from 6.500 BC. This first settlers come from south Cohina and crossed the Imperial River. The archeological sites at Flesh Caves and Puped Plateau are the two oldest sites of human habitation in Fluvique. The characteristics of Fluviqueans Aboriginal societies in the riversides of the Imperial River included permanent settlements, developing agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing and complex trading networks with foreign tribes. In the hinterland, the societies of Kushkes, Muslaw and Sallhen were nomad tribes who traveled the center plains, reaching the actual Betham and Mevosa in the early XII century.
The aboriginal population at the time of the first european settlements is estimated to have been between 200.000 and 500.000. As consecuence of european colonization and the outbreak of several diseases, to which they had no natural immunity, resulting in the death of the fifthy percent of the total population and the isolation of the tribus due to the fear to the europeans.
Initially the contact was peacefully and based in trade and mutual benefits.When the colonies started to go further than the coasts, the problems started as result of what the aborigens called "the invasion of their lands". The politics changed and eventually the colonists started to enslave the aborigens to work in the plantations and expell and relocalize those who can not work.
European settlers arrived between 1535 and 1550 to found the first cities. The spaniards established the city of Mevosa in 1535 and they extended the territory to the North and Union riversides. After, to secure the north passage, founded two cities in Tarta and Tartea islands. The french founded Port Louis in the Galivias islands and created the dominion of Saint Lucie, the northernmost province. The british established colonies in Greencastle and Betham and also some towns in Galivias.
The expansion continued without conflict between the superpowers, who expanded their in the shores of the Yellow River and in the hinterland. The british divided their lands and create Alkanter and Crenel by 1610. The spaniards created Point Territory and South Cape. France founded the Provinces of Geneva and Saint Matthew.
The Fluviquean territory stayed outside the main european conflicts and the colonies bloomed with trade, exporting the raw materials and creating a local elite. The situation come to a rupture in 1701 with the start of the War of Spanish Succession. Spain and France mobilized soldiers in the colonies, causing a raise in taxes and border conflicts. Great Britain attacked Port Louis and Saint Matthew, meanwhile Spain occupied Betham. By the Treaty of Utrecht France ceded Galivian Islands and Britain give Betham and Crenel to Spain, who ceded Gibraltar and Menorca. After the Seven Years' War, Spain get the major power in the region when France gave Saint Lucie and Geneva. Britain maintained the Galivia islands and Greencastle.
Spain supported the United States war of Independence and obtained major earnings raising more the trade taxes of colonies and limited the exports to the metropolis. This led to the corruption in the port authorities, a flourishing black market and a growing illegal traffic between the spanish and british colonies. During the Napoleonic Wars, France and Spain were allies against the British Empire. Half of the soldiers left the colonies and went to Europe, meanwhile the Ferdinand VII enacted the Defense Act, Port Act, Export Act, Meat Atc, Customs Act and established a more strict monopoly and pursued the merchants who traded with the british colonies. This created a commercial crisis for the Fluviqueans, who subsisted in base of trade of meat, sheeps, wheat, fruits, cotton, tobacco and others primary products, being one of the main causes of the independentist movements in the provinces.
Napoleon's Continental System was a menace for the British trade. Hence, they viewed the Yellow River provinces as a perfect market for their products and a huge commodities supplier. The attack by sea began in February 1808. Betham was the first province occupied, and two days later, Mevosa, to cut the Spanish viceroyalty in two. The Yellow River Great Governor, Esteban Cardenas Santander, allowed the British forces enter without fight, under the promise of keep the privileges of the Spaniards. The local elites and merchants were happy of break the old Spanish monopoly and embrace free trade with London. However, the low classes and intelectuals saw this as a traition and the ideas of enlightenment, republicanism and the American and French revolution generated the idea of "Fluvique's government to Fluviqueans rulers"
A secret society called "Tobacco brothers" (because the reunions were held in a Tobacco store) decided to create a militia and finally expelled the British on the night of April 4, 1808, in the begining of April Revolution. The Spanish authorities returned to power on April 6 and called for peace and order in the provinces. Some of the rebels, represented by the local generals, just wanted a major level of power, but keeping Fluvique in the Spanish Empire. The others, more revolutionaries and radicals, wanted a total independence and the establishment of a republic. The popular feeling was against the Spaniards, due to the lack of defense and the cowardly of their acts. On April 7 the militia attacked the Mevosa's fort and forced the colonial goverment to leave the city. The National Assembly was formed in April 8, finishing with more of 270 years of Spanish rule and starting the independence process.The first battle of the Independence War was in Alkanter, where a counter-revolution started between the people and the royalist government. A help expedition was sended and Francis Ghack defeated the spaniards and conquered the city for the Assembly. A circular was distributed to the Provinces, in order of create a national patriot sentiment, and local assemblies were formed with the goal to send representatives to Mevosa and recruit soldiers. Despite the revolutionary ideas of several members of the assembly, in the provinces the local elites took the power.
A new counter-revolution took place in Saint Matthew. The First Saint Matthew Campaign ended in a disaster when a patriot army of 600 men was defeated by 2000 Spanish. That caused the end of the Assembly and was replaced by a National Junta, composed by representatives of across the country. After many defeats, finally Manuel Del Paso entered in Saint Matthew, the last province controlled by the loyalists, and stablished a patriot government.
The Empire of Cohina, the country neighbour, was allied with Spain and Portugal against the revolutionaries with the promise of more lands in Fluvique. In early 1809 they sended 6.000 men and entered in Saint Matthew. Del Paso, in a challenge to the Junta, decided to defend the city and fought bravely with 1.200 troops. The combined armies of Del Paso and Michael Towers were defeated and the Junta was knocked out by a coup de etat and replaced by the First Public Council.
The war eventually led to skirmishes in the frontiers since the Cohineans abandoned Saint Matthew, with no progress for none of the sides. The patriots successfully defended Point Territory and they hired the admiral William Green, who fought in Trafalgar battle, to expell Spanish ships in the Yellow river. After the combat of North Boca, the control of the fluvial route became more important and the first national navy was created in 1810.
Meanwhile, the revolution had several institutional problems due to the fights between radicals and the more conservatives. Joseph Bernard, before her disposal of the council presidency, made a secret treaty with Great Britain in early May 1812. The British gave Greencastle and in return received the total control of the trade in the Yellow river for 30 years. This treaty eventually led to the Second Public Council, wich made oficial a twelve stripes flag, the National Anthem, abolished the slavery, created the first bills and coins and gave a name to the country, The Fluviquean Provinces. The most important action, was the incorporation of General Oscar de Saint-Romain. He came from Europe with the Continental Plan, to finally stop all the invasions from Cohina, conquest the Yellow River islands and liberate Baho and Kloset from the Spanish rule.
Saint-Romain created the Frontier Army, the North Army and the National Navy. Del Paso was defeated in the combat of Strong Houses and had to give the command of the Frontier Army to Saint-Romain. The patriots were pushed to north and loyalists were ready to destroy the Fluviquean armies and retake control of the colonies. The North Army was surprised in January 5th combat, causing several casualties to the revolutionaries and forced them to retreat near Geneva. The battle of Saints Happenings, the biggest in the war, faced 15.000 loyalists against 12.500 fluviqueans. This was the most renamed triumph of the patriots and ended the frontier major incursions, destroying the spanish expeditionary forces in Fluvique and moving the battle front to the other side of the Yellow River.
The North Army was embarked and crossed the Yellow river in January, 1817. The half of the troops disembarked in Tarta and Tartea and took them to the country. Later, disembarked in Kloset and established a camp in the coasts. Saint-Romain leaded the army in a powerful offensive and received reinforces of local patriots and together conquered the capital and the main loyalist center, Saint Petrus of the Valley, but they were defeated a week later in Rich Town. The armies of both nations, combined in the United Army, defeated 13.000 loyalists and retook the city with a popular uprising. On March 17th, 1817 the flags of Fluvique and the one of the new Republic of Kloset were put in the masts of the fort and the independence was declared.
However, a defeat in the Jaicu battle forced the Kloset army to retire into Saint Petrus. The spanish armies besieged the city for eight days. Finally, Saint-Romain deployed the North Army and achieved the decisive victory in the Motherlands Battle and destroyed the Spanish power in the region, finishing his Continental Plan. He decided to retire and return Fluvique to spend their last years. However, the country was not interested on his libertarian campaings due to the fact of being in an arms race to establish the form of government.
On march of 1817 Mevosa, Point Territory, Saint Matthew and South Cape signed a Defence Treaty, creating a future Confederacy. This immediately caused a urgency reunion of the Popular Assembly which tried to provoke the resign of the Director, Antony Mary. The ruler deployed the army of Mevosa and then Betham and Geneva did the same. Mary was fully defeated on March 11 and was forced to resign and went to the exile in Europe. From that date and until february of 1818, the country was in an acephaly and every province worked like a state itself.
After a year trying to convince the provinces to send representatives to the capital, a Supreme Assembly was formed. Under their rule, Greencastle was admitted as a province and Tarta and Tartea was incorporated as national territories. A Procedure Code was also created, establishing a weak civil code and a judicial chamber. In november of 1819 the assembly convened a congress in the city of Crenel to finally declare de independence and unite the country. The last session was in May of 1820.
42 deputies went to the National Congress. The complete sessions, with all the representatives, started on January 1821. Soon, the Congress becaim in a claim center: many provinces wanted economic aids, more participation in the customs rents of the Mevosa's port and the opening of the internal rivers for trade. The debate was between the Republicans (Betham and Geneva) proposing a Republic with the distribution of the incomes; and the Confederates (led by Mevosa), were every province will have the power to trade with the world, leaving the foreign relations mnagement to Mevosa.
The proposals were not formalized and the Congress started a Preliminar Session. On July 10th, David Rolls of Crenel and Miguel Debescu of Saint Matthew gave the Independence Declaration to the Congress. After several modifications, the final text was readed in the last sesion where all the deputies were presents, and at 2:00 pm of July 16th, 1821, asked to them:
Do you wish that these provinces be a free and sovereign nation, independent of the Kings of Spain, his metropolis and any other foreign domination?
Every deputy shouted an enthusiastic 'yes' and all signed the Declaration of Independence. Finally, Fluvique was independent.
Immediately after the Declaration of Independence, the congress started the debate of government form. The representatives of Geneva and Betham tried to pass the 1821's Constitution to create a Federal Republic. Mevosa and their allies retired from the Congress and make efective the Preliminar Treaty and make a new one: The Confederation Act, signed by Mevosa, Point Territory, Crenel, Saint Matthew and South Cape. In contraposition, Betham, Geneva, Alkanter, Greencastle and Saint Lucie signed The Plum Fields Treaty, dividing the country into two separated states.
The first stages was the deploy of the armies in the frontier. Mevosians took the lead and defeated the Republic Army near Two Towers town. The north's strategy was to surround Mevosa, attacking Crenel first and then defeat Saint Matthew. For four years the war maintained in both fronts, until the surrender of Crenel in September, 1824 and the conquest of Saint Matthew on May, 1825. The Mevosa governor, William Flash, was finally defeated in Nevaux plains. The combined armies entered in the capital, swore the constitution in the April square and declared the Republic of Fluvique on August, 1826. Miguel Mush became the first president.
The peace only last six months. A conflict between the anglophone and francophone Geneva led to a direct war, with the French being supported by Mevosa. The national government called for a Peace Convention, and when the main conflict started, sended the National Army.
Eventually the francophone south people proclaimed their Independence from Geneva and established a new province: Liberty. The Confederated pushed the Congress to recognize them and the status of territory was given. This lead to a discredit campaign against the national government. Mush was forced to renounce and a Triumvirate composed by representatives of the republican provinces was established. The federal government was looked weak and a revolution exploded on December 1st, 1834. The rebels, leaded by Manuel Estephan, attacked the fort, took the city, imprisoned the republicans and started a major mobilization.
Estephan leaded their army and crossed the border between Mevosa and Betham, defeating them in Fear Ranch. Despite the tensions after the Liberty Question, Geneva sended troops and because that, the civil war is know as Three governors war. In 1836, Spain blockaded the Yellow River and Cohina invaded the actual territories of Sallcia and Aztus. The last battle was the Founded Pass combat on August 19, 1842.
From 1842 to 1865 the Fluviquean Confederation, ruled by Manuel Estephan, was almost permanently in war. The uprisings against the government were frequent, and also the executions and political persecution. The Confederate army occupied many rebel provinces and established a comercial blockade to ruin their economies. At same time, the war with the Empire of Cohina (1841-1844) resulted in a big triumph of the Confederation, who extended their territory at west, until the natural frontier of the Imperial River. From 1856 to 1864 three Confederate Territories were created: Aztus (1856), Sallcia (1861) and Terralands (1864).
The Confederation became in the main primary goods producer of the region, increasing the power of Mevosa. But the treaty signed with Great Britain 1812 ended in 1842 and, after the war with Cohina, the Confederation was in budget problems. To give a solution, the government increased taxes to import goods and established a quota to navigate the Yellow River.
France and Great Britain, controllers the Galivias Islands, protested and finally blockaded the Mevosa port in 1857. This generated a low in exportations and was the trigger of a new revolution. The provinces claimed a solution and a peace deal with the superpowers, but Manuel Estephan did not wanted to show weak. Then, in 1861, the Saint Lucie general, William Hoore, recruited his troops and advanced upon the capital. Both Geneva and Betham joined their troops and the Great Army defeated the confederation in the battle of Deep Creek and besieged Mevosa for one year. Helped by Cohina, Great Britain and France, finally entered in the capital and declared The Union. Mevosa was declared open resulting in a week murders, rapes, robberies, called the Regrettable week.
Hoore gathered his cabinet and created the Constitution of 1863. The Constitution still allowed a Confederation in fact and forced the rest of the provinces to sign it. Quickly Hoore gained enemies among the country, showing that he does not was a liberator, but a despot like Estephan. In 1865 leaded by Mevosa governor, John Swanson, a new revolution started. But this time, the civil war was total. Betham, Geneva, Mevosa and the central government went to war, and also fought against each other. When the rest of provinces watched the massacre, they started to declare individual independence and retired from the Confederation. The period is known as The Anarchy.
The war imploded the country. After 12.500 casualties in the Battle of Corn Fields, Swanson and Kyle Renmwell established an armistice, starting the Union Process. In 1869 both signed the Pact of National Welfare, declaring the war to the rest of the country. Betham and Mevosa were the richest provinces and they could afford a big army. They defeated Hoore and invaded Geneva, Saint Lucie, Alkanter and the south. With the control of the provinces, started a process still debated in the Fluviquean society, called The Depuration. During those years, the governors were dismissed and many murdered, along with their families and friends and also members of the political opposition. Swanson and Renmwell thought that the country needed a big figure over the politicians and generals. The european constitutional monarchies seemed as a solution for Fluvique, starting the Monarchic Project.
A group of plenipotentiaries went to Europe to search a candidate to the throne. The main idea was to search in France, but the Franco-Prussian war forced them to go to Britain. There solicited the help of the King, and also signs treaties with other nations such Spain, Portugal, Sweden and Italy. Meanwhile in Fluvique the repressions continued and became more violent.
By the end of the war in Europe, France became a republic, and abolished all the nobility titles. Finally, by the blessing of many great powers, the crown was offered to one of the sons of William III of the Netherlands, Gabriel of Orange-Nassau. He accepted and traveled to Fluvique on August, 1872. A especial comission in Mevosa reunited and took the two constitutional antecedents and redacted a new one: The National Constitution (also know as "The septembring"), establishing the Kingdom of Fluvique, a parliamentary and federal monarchy. On October 2, 1872, the first "King of Fluvique and sovereign of the Yellow River", Gabriel of Orange-Nassau, was inaugurated. The date of his acceptance of the constitution - 2 October 1872 - is marked a national holiday.
After the monarchy establishment, the king designed John Swanson as first Prime Minister, due to his popularity and renown among the high class. The country was serious economic problems, a high-illiteracy rate, low population, conflicts with aboriginals and the hinterland in serious poverty. Swanson started to create a net of political alliances in Mevosa and the provinces, to control strategic areas of the country. This earned him the nick name of "vice-king".
Thanks to the ties who united the country and the main nations of europe, the "Great Coming" plan was deepened and in the period 1875-1910, more than 8 million people arrived from Spain, Italy, France, Belgium, Germany, Portugal, Sweden, Wales, Ireland, Russia, Poland and the Netherlands, among others. This lead to populate the west and develop industrial agriculture and exploit the big natural resources of the country. Swanson was reelected in the first public male elections and served six years more.
In 1884 Alfred Normus was elected Prime Minister. He sanctioned the Learning Fluvique Act, who made the education free, public, universal, obligatory and non-religious education to all children. Also impulsed the National School System, creating primary and superior schools across the country to educate citizens and to form teachers. Normus was reelected and increase the public spending, who eventually lead to a crisis and the country was shocked by the Long Depression and suffered a recession in 1895.
Frederic Begber assumed the cabinet in 1896, leading the conservatives again to rule. Begber started a state budget control and proceeded to resolve the economic crisis which afflicted the country, earning him the moniker of "Solution-man". Despite that, the country was in a politically unstable situation, with a large number of social conflicts that included massive strikes and anarchist subversion attempts. Begber handled most of these conflicts by having the police or the army crack down on protestors, rebels and suspected rebels. The situation was pushed to the limit and leads in the South Falk's murders, were 90 workers of a cotton plant in strike die in hands of the police. The last prime minister of the XIX century and the first of XX, leaved the charge with the Port Scandal in 1901.
The international labour division put Fluvique in the role of exporter of primary products and an importer of manufactures, especially from Great Britain. The largest plains and fertile lands, the plantations of west and the pastures of the lowlands, gave the nickname of "world's feeder" to the country. The major investments endowed the country of a railroad system from Mevosa to Sallcia and from Saint Matthew to Geneva, being the world's fourth largest by 1912. The Centennial of the April's Revolution was celebrated in 1908 ,with the participation of many countries and the National Exposition was held. The extravagance of the event, which included the build of more than ten palaces and the opening of the Little Angels Boulevard, the July 16th and Revolution avenues, were in contrast with the poverty and the suffering of millions of immigrants and workers.
Julius Fluvique Steps gained the 1908 election and the conservatives obtain the absolutely majority in the parliament. Steps started a big politics of public works, such the new port of Mevosa, the new Parliament Palace, the public lightening, major bridges and others infrastructure works. Also created the Central Bank, who unified the money in circulation, creating the Fluviquean Monarch in 1913. In 1912, petroleum was discovered in South Cape. This lead to a big exploration of the soil and more petrol fields were discovered in the south. The government created the National Petroleum Company. The start of First World War encountered the country in a crisis, intensified due to the comercial paralisis. The country suffered a long depression, with misery, poverty and unemployment affecting large sectors of the population. Fluvique was neutral in the WWI and after the ending received a second mass-scale immigration. Europe became a major trade ally for the Fluviquean raw goods
After the election of August Noir as Prime Minister, Steps went to the west in a mission to stop the conflicts between Welsh and Irish colonists of Terralands and the natives. The campaign was a genocide (the bloody week) resulting in 8.500 deaths , more than 2.000 injured and a major expelling of natives. The death of Noir caused problems in the Parliament, but finally Steps was confirmed as new Prime Minister to finish the term.
In 1926 the liberals with Hippolyte Saint Arrow won the elections. The Cabinet began a series of reforms to increase workers rights, banned the child work, improved the labour conditions and allowed demonstrations and syndicates.
The Great Depression, started in 1929, hit hard in Fluvique the first years. There was a major unemployment in 1931 and the exports dropped, except the wheat to Netherlands and meat to Great Britain. Then, due to the protectionist politics, the country started an industrialization. The earnings of the customs taxes of trade and the exportations were put into industries, in a state-private participation in economy. At the end of Saint Arrow charge, when other nations was at the depth of the Depression, the Fluviquean economy was flourishing.
As consequence of the economic growth a worker class was also developed. The europeans immigrants represented 67% of the total population in that time, and came from Europe with the socialist ideas. The Socialist Party of Fluvique gained popularity and became the major force. Thus, they won the elections with 58% of the total votes and Lyonel Berankis was elected Prime Minister. The new government started a Welfare State, pioneer in the region, which gave major rights to the worker class, to women, promoted the industrialization of the country, focusing in light industry, nationalized keys sectors of the economy, created the Royal Fluviquean Enterprise which owned the Railways, Airways, the State Oil, and the Mail & Telephone Office. Also the higher education became free and was promoted by the state, founding the nowadays Royal Scholarship System to the low class.
Fluvique was neutral during the Second World War. Berankis and his cabinet were in a conflict with the United States and a boicot to their products was impulsed, and at same time started commercial relationships with the Soviet Union and the countries of the East block.
The cabinet decided to reform the constitution to upgrade it to the new century. This gave the women's suffrage, rights to workers, to the family, to the old age, to education and culture, the mandatory and free elementary and secondary education, the direct election of Representatives and Senators and a five year term of the Prime Minister.
Berankis was succeeded by Oscar Rondeu, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, but the power and decisions still belong to him. Rondeu started the dialogs with the winning powers of WWII, principally the United States. The Marshall Plan, which helped the europeans countries in reconstruction, was vital for the Fluviquean economy: the exports of primary goods and foods was duplicated in the period 1949-1951, giving the surplus necessary to invest in the industry, which became diverse and strong. However, the growth of the post-war Europe and the down in the agricultural products prices led to a crisis in the economy between 1954-1961. Berankis died in September 1954, at the start of a social and productive crisis, strikes, inflation and signs of exhaustion in the industrialization process.
After the liberal government of Alphonse Riccard in the period 1954-1959, the Conservative Party ruled the country for 25 years. Pedro Camberra was the first in the Conservative Years. In the first five years, the cabinet reinforced the austerity measures of the last years. However, later started a major public works, including hospitals, roads, sewers and major subsides to the industry. David EastBourned, elected in 1969, continued the policies of him antecessor. In 1971 a extensive oil field was discovered in Salccia. The government started the Self-sufficiency National Program, consisting in a loan from the IMF and the participation of private shareholders with the objective of modernizing the National Petroleum Company. The 1974 census showed near 22 million people living in the country and, for the first time in history, the majority was Fluviqueans.
The economic boom started in 1974. In 1976 the exports of manufactured products exceeded the agricultural exports. The middle class grew fast, the purchase of cars, household appliances and elaborated products produced a expansion in the market and in the industry. The government started social welfare policies, which included hospital insurances, old-age pensions, free child-care, tax concessions and the program "Baby Fluvique", which gave between 15-20 monthly normuses to the parents of childrens in the range of age 1 to 16. In 1982 the F-1 came to the country in a race hosted in the newly constructed Mevosa National Circuit. The opposition accused the government of corruption and overpricing in the construction of the circuit. Five ministers were condemned and at least ten processed. In July of 1983 a scandal involved the prime minister and a woman called Barbara Sausse was national issue and, eventually, caused the defeat of the conservatives in the 1984 elections.
In 1984 Charles Wendell, founder of the New Liberal Party, won the elections with 52% of the votes against the 28% of the Conservative Party. The government announced a major depuration of the public accounts, the opening of the economy and a revolution of the markets. From 1986 to 1991 all of the Royal Companies were sold or privatized: National Mail in 1986, Fluviquean Airlines in 1987, Fluviquean Railways in 1990, Royal Telephones in 1991 and the National Petroleum Company in 1991.
The country had a large deficit in the public accounts, which was growing since 1981. Advised by the Cabinet, the Fluviquean government started to borrow money from the IMF and the WB and continued the policies of economic liberalism, deregulation of the labor market, cuts on social aids, education, health and massive redundancies of public workers. However, the upper-middle class and the wealthiest, experienced years of prosperity and reached a life quality similar to the europeans and first world countries. On the other hand, the working class suffered the coming of imported goods, cheaper than the local ones, causing the massive closure of factories, a growth in unemployment and misery. Fluvique grew 50% in the period of 1987-1993 but then the country started to fall. The budget deficit reached the 50% of the GDP and the unemployment reached a historic 20% of the total population.
Charles Wendell was elected in 1999 with the promise of reconstruct the country and fix the economic problems and to be The Right One. The Senatorial Elections of 2001 was historic, because for the first time in history the blank votes exceeded the right votes. This was a clear sign of the lack of representativeness and the idea that "everyone must resign". On August 2002, the IMF and the WB canceled the financial aid to the country and refused a new package of rescue. Fluvique entered in default and this led to a bank run in October. Due to the decision of restricting the withdrawal of money from banks and the confiscation of a percentage of salaries, called Patriot Discount, the riots exploded. The people went out and took the streets, calling for a new April Revolution and attacked and set fire more than twenty banks in Mevosa, Betham and Geneva. In Crenel and Alkanter major uprisings finished in robberies and fights with police. All the major provincial capitals were taken for the protesters, forcing the resignation of seven governors. On November 27 the police tried to expel the protesters of the April square by force. A massive combat between the police and the people ended with five dead and more than twenty wounded, but the people won and forced the police to retreat and attacked the Parliament Palace.
The Parliament tried to vote a censure motion, but all had to be evacuated by the army. The protesters entered to the palace in the night and they put a historic flag of "Everybody out" in the facade. Charles Wendell and some of his cabinet had to escape on a ambulance, in the middle of a rain of stones and flares. The king George called for peace in the kingdom and announced on television the resignation of the entire cabinet. To avoid an acephaly, the minister of Tourism, Sébastien Michaud, was voted PM for the House of Representatives. However, Michaud resigned two days after. He was succeeded by Foreign affairs minister John Alden, who resigned on December 5. Franck Duchamps, leader of the House, was his replacement until December 18. Finally Vincent Peters, Speaker of the House, assumed the office and called for urgent elections in no more than 30 days, despite the social crisis. He dissolved the Parliament on January 6, 2003.
The November Crisis finished with the destitution of the 40 parliament members, at least half of the provinces without government, a political crisis, 25 dead, 30% of the population under the poverty threshold, 26% of unemployment and the national industry mortally wounded. Weeks after, when the Fluviquean crisis had impact over other world countries, this crisis was called "paysan effect"
In the 2003 elections, the Social Justice Party won with the 54% of the votes and Ernest Bubois became Prime Minister. The new cabinet had to face with one of the highest external debts in the world, a growing budget deficit, 25% of unemployment rate, 14% of misery rate, the dollars deposits by savers converted into Normus and a recession since 1992. Fluvique was in default in early 2004. A major uprising against the paid of external debt took place in February, resulting in the Popular Swap Atc, between the government and the bondholders, finishing the default and started a period of economic growth of 40% in the period 2005-2008. The government started to nationalize some companies sold in the New Liberal Party era. New and fresh social policies helped the lower classes, promoted the scholarization in all levels, lowered unemployment, poverty, misery, infant mortality, among others.
In the 2008 elections August Moine became the first woman to be Prime Minister. In the first five years the government deepened the welfare state, created new aids to the vulnerable classes, the youth and the students. The program Little Fluviqueans granted aids to the pregnant women and mothers of kids in the ages of 1 to and 17 covers several needs such as milk, diapers, medical expenses, school supplies and mandatory visits to pediatrician. In 2009 Fluvique became one of the first countries on allow the same-sex marriage. Also, in 2010 the Senate passed the Transgender Bill, which allows individuals over 18 to change the gender marker in their national ID on the basis of a written declaration only.
Also in 2011 the government nationalized the Fluviquean Oil Company, calling for foreign investments and reaching the self-sufficiency in early 2013. An external debt crisis exploded in july 2013. The crisis was debated among the country and the government accused the opposition of supporting the bondholders to harass the country and the government. The campaign motto of the Social Justice Party was "Country or Creditors". Moine was re-elected to the period 2013-2018 with the 57% of the votes. The next day a major plan of public works, including the project to nationalize the railways and the construction of Nuclear Plants, was announced. In 2013 the abortion became legal in Fluvique, without restrictions, in public hospitals and free. Plus, in early 2014 the Parliament approved the Assisted Reproduction Act, whereby the Federal Government provides free treatment for couples.
The actual Cabinet continues the politics of welfare and assistance, the state helps his citizens at every stage of his life: the Little Fluviqueans Program covers them from the birth to 17 years, then the Grow Up Program help the young on his last secondary years and grants scholarships to enter to universities. For last, when the citizens retires (women 60; men 65) are covered with the Unified Retirement System, financed with both contributions of the citizens and the actual workers. This program is a national pride for his efficiency and inclusion and also helped to increase life expectancy and reaching high levels of HDI.
The country is experiencing a second fast-industrialization, thanks to interventionist policies of the government and great ambient for investments. The levels of poverty, misery and unemployment decreased in the last ten years and reached levels never seen in more than 200 years. Fluvique, since 2005, is considered a high-income economy, one of the wealthiest in the multiverse and a developed country.
In september 2015 the Parliament voted and approved the Cannabis Act, which legalized the production, distribution, sale, and consumption of marijuana by the state. Since 2012 the tenure of drugs for consumption was decriminalized and from April 2016 is expected to start the process of crop and distribution by the Federal Government.
Geography and climate
Fluvique occupies a big part of the north continent, sharing land borders with the Republic of Cohina to the west, with the Imperial River as natural frontier. At east, the Yellow River is limit between the country and the Republic of Kloset. Fluvique stretches from the Spring sea in the south to the Fever Sea at north. Since 1824 the country reclaims the Galivian Islands, occupied by France and Great Britain.
Fluvique's highest point is Akarama in the Geneva province (7,385 m above sea level). The lowest point is Espeuen lagoon in Greencastle province (-112 m below sea level). Some of the major rivers are the Imperial, Yellow, Black, Saint Xavier, Paraname, Constitution, Mirañai, Superio and Lionesse. These rivers are discharged into the Yellow River or the Fever Sea and are feed by the major lakes of the mid-Fluvique. The population density is 8.92, one of the lowest in the world. The most populous zones in the country are in the crescent who included the metropolitan area of Geneva, south Alkanter, Betham and Mevosa.
Fluvique is almost an entire peneplain, which covers more than 80% of the territory. From center to south, the country is covered by the Indian Plains, extensive farmlands considered the most fertile in the multiverse and there is concentred the most important agricultural activities and extensive crops and livestock. The terrain is flat, with few undulations and soft hills. The northern provinces are covered by boreal forests, plateaus and mountains.
The country has many lakes, such as Tuyuty, Beenlong, Warnakbool, Independence and Entrance. Far from the coast and urban centres, the country is characterized by a large wildlife, due to many reserves and national parks and the low population density in western provinces. The fauna is very similar to north europe, so is possible to encounter bears, wolves, coyotes, pumas and foxes, among other carnivorous animals. The yellow fox is the national animal. In the north are common the woods of pines, cedars, eucalyptus and oaks. In the plains of center-south, the trees are rare. Only a few plum tree, Jacarandas and ombús cover the plains.
Average winter and summer high temperatures across Fluvique are very similar in center and southern provinces. There, the climate is temperate, with not much difference between stations.. Winters are rainy and usually causes floods and the proliferation of lagoons and creeks. In northern provinces, winters can be harsh, where daily average temperatures are near -10 ºC, but with the Ice Kid phenomenon it can drop below -15 ºC and the ice usually covers 90% of the terriory in Sallcia, Geneva, Saint Lucie, Alkanter and the Yellow River Islands. In some towns in the hills of the Fever Mountains, snow can persist year-round, while in others it covers the ground for almost six months of the year. Average summer high temperature in coastal provinces ranges from 28º to 35 ºC, with ocasionally temperatures exceeding 40 ºC.
Fluvique is an advanced country regarding education. The country spends 7,5% of its GDP on education. The education has been available in English, Spanish and French in almost every province and territory since 1880s. The federal government is responsible for education provision.
Education in Fluvique is divided in four levels. The initial lever or kindergarten is for children between 50 days to 5 years old, with the last three being compulsory and a requirement in the next level. The elementary school comprises grades first to seventh. The high school level lasts 6 years. The fourth stage is higher education, divided in tertiary, university and post-graduate sub-levels. In 2010, 87,6% of people over age 18 had completed high school and 47% of people over age 20 had graduated from university.
The Kingdom guarantees universal, secular and free-of-charge public education for all levels, contributing to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent. The creation of the Royal Scholarship System and the Grow Up Program help the young to enter universities and afford the costs of education. The universities of Mevosa, Betham, Geneva, Alkanter, Greencastle and Saint Matthew are the most important in the country.
English, French and Spanish are the first languages of 85% of the population. Approximately 96% of Fluviqueans speak two or more languages and 96% speak English and Spanish. The 1942 Constitution established French as first language of Saint Lucie, Geneva and Liberty Territory, with substantial Francophone populations in Saint Matthew, Aztus and south Terralands. Other provinces have no official languages as such, but the three languages are used as languages of instruction, in courts, and for other government services. The laws are enacted in English, Spanish and French. Mevosa is the only province to have more than 12 languages, including more than 54 aboriginal dialects. Of these, only the Sallche, Asjack and Wellke-as has enough population to survive in the long term. Despite the goverment policy to improve the numbers of aboriginal languages speakers, most of them are disappearing and only 5 are expected to survive by 2030.
|Rank||Province||Total population||Capital||Metro area population|
|4||Saint Matthew||3.217.004||New Amiens||1.250.347|
|7||Liberty Territory||700.240||Central Disctrict||248.485|
|9||Saint Lucie||220.205||Saint Lucie||101.328|
|15||Yellow Islands Territory||11.290||Tartea||9.584|
The 2010 Fluviquean Census counted a population of 35.970.722, an increase of around 4,6% over the 2000 figure. By April 2013 the Royal Statistics Office reported that the country reached 36 millions of inhabitants. The last surveys and estimates calculate a total population of 37.403.952. The population growth rate is estimated in 0,6% annually, with a birth rate of 13,9 live births per 1,000 inhabitants and a mortality rate of 9,4 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants.
The proportion of people under 15 is 22.6%, below the world average of 28%, and the proportion of people 65 and older is relatively high at 12.19%. Fluvique is experiencing a demographic shift towards an older population, like other developed countries. Fluvique has one of the Rushmore's lowest population growth rate, recently about 0,6% a year, as well as a comparatively low infant mortality rate. Its fertility rate is of 1.3 children per woman. The median age is approximately 36,4 years and life expectancy at birth is 80 years.
Fluvique is divided into 12 provinces and three territories. The majority of Fluvique's population in concentrated in the coasts of the Yellow River and in the Spring Sea. The provinces has more autonomy than territories and are responsibles of the social programs of the country (such as education, health, security and welfare) and together receive more revenues than the Federal Government. Nevertheless is the Federal Government who can star the national policies in provincial areas, like the Little Fluviqueans program. The provinces can adopt different models of these, but is uncommon. The Federal Government is in charge of the pensions and the reimbursements.
According to the constitution, to become a full province, a territory needs to have more than 100.000 inhabitants. Liberty and Point Territory exceed that requirement, but their oficial denomination is territories. Meanwhile, the provinces of South Cape, Greencastle, Sallcia and Terralands do not reach the figure in the constitution. After the Pre-Existence Act of 1896 and several discussions in the parliament, both territories are full provinces in practice. The Local Assembly of Liberty is expecting a referendum to be held in 2016 or 2017 to create a petition to Queen Eugenie to give the status of province to Liberty.
The provinces of Mevosa, Betham and Geneva are the most populous; together they account for 83% of the country's population. The provinces in the farwest of the coast (Sallcia, Terralands, Greencastle) are ranked high in land area, but are home to only 9% of Fluviquean population.
Fluvique was sparsely populated in the colonial era and in the first years as independent country. The government began a policy of immigracion, known as The Great Coming, with a first stage between 1850s and 1910s and a second between 1920s to 1960s. Fluvique is considered a country of immigrants.
In the first immigration wave more than 8 million people arrived to the country. At those times, the national population doubled every two decades. A popular saying is that the Fluviquean's grandpas are ships. Thus, the majority of the Fluviquean population is descended from the 19th and 20th century immigrants of The Great Comming. The majority of these immigrants came from Italy, Spain and France. A 36% of Fluviqueans have Spanish origins, while 29% have Italian origins, 13% have French origins and 8% have British origins. Plus, there is a sizeable number of Dutch.
Fluvique is home to a significant population of Asian background, mostly Chinese, Japanese and South Koreans. The eastern european population are of Polish, Ukrainian and Bulgarian descent. In 1974, for the first time, the population born in Fluvique (and sons of immigrants) exceeded the immigrant population. Since then, the immigrant population has been in decline and the population growth and fertility rates have been decelerated since the 1980s. Nowadays, the immigration has mostly been coming from east Europe and Asia.
Fluvique is religiously diverse, encompassing a wide range of beliefs and customs, granted by the freedom of cult in the Constitution. The state has no oficial religion, and according to the 2010 census 47% of Fluviqueans identify as Christian; of these, Catholics make up the largest group, accounting for 34.7% of the population. The largest Protestant denomination is the United Church of Fluvique (accounting for 8% of Fluviqueans), followed by Anglicans (4%), and Baptists (2%). In 2011, about 30% declared no religious affiliation. The remaining 9% are affiliated with non-Christian religions, the largest of which are Islam (3.2%) and Hinduism (1.5%). The majority of Fluviqueans consider religion to be unimportant in their daily lives and 29% believe in God, and the rest in a superior order. The "practice of religion" is generally considered a private matter throughout society and the state.
Fluvique has a parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchy, the monarchy of Fluvique being the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The sovereign is Queen Eugenie, who is also monarch of Fluvique's 12 provinces and three territories. As such, the Governors of each provinces are Queen's representatives, carrying out most of the provincial royal duties.
The direct participation of the monarch in areas of governance is limited. In practice, her use of the executive powers is directed by the Cabinet, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the elected House of Representatives and chosen and headed by the Prime Minister of Fluvique (at present August Moine), the head of government. The monarch may, though, in certain crisis situations exercise her power without ministerial advice. To ensure the stability of government, the monarch will usually appoint as prime minister the person who is the current leader of the political party that can obtain the confidence of a plurality in the House of Representatives. The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) is thus one of the most powerful institutions in government, initiating most legislation for parliamentary approval and selecting for appointment by the Crown, besides the aforementioned, the Monarch, senators, federal court judges, and heads of Royal companies and government agencies. The leader of the party with the second-most seats usually becomes the Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition and is part of an adversarial parliamentary system intended to keep the government in check.
Each of the 338 members of parliament in the House of Representatives is elected by simple plurality in an electoral district. General elections must be called by the monarch, either on the advice of the prime minister, within five years of the previous election, or if the government loses a confidence vote in the House. The 159 members of the Senate, whose seats are apportioned on a regional basis, serve until age 75. Five parties had representatives elected to the federal parliament in the 2015 election: the Social Justice Party (governing party), the Socialist Party of Fluvique (Official Opposition), the Conservative of Fluvique, the Liberal Party of Fluvique and the Green Party of Fluvique.
Fluvique's federal structure divides government responsibilities between the federal government and the twelve provinces. Provincial legislatures are unicameral and operate in parliamentary fashion similar to the House of Representatives.Fluvique's three territories also have legislatures, but these are not sovereign and have fewer constitutional responsibilities than the provinces. The territorial legislatures also differ structurally from their provincial counterparts.
Foreign Relations and Military
Foreign policy is officially handled by the Royal Foreign Office, which answers to the Cabinet. Fluvique is a current middle power and bases its foreign policies on the guiding principles of non-intervention, human rights, self-determination, international cooperation, disarmament and peaceful settlement of conflicts. The country is member of the UN since 1945 sand participates in a lot of peacekeeping operations around the world.
With the neighbour nations, specially the Republic of Cohina, is co-founder of the Terranova Market, the Group of Plains and the Spring Sea Treaty Organization. Since 2005 the country has emphasized its key role in the integration and cooperation between their neighbours. In fact, Fluvique and Cohina share one of the biggest undefended borders in the world.
The Queen Eugenie holds the tittle of commander-in-chief of the Fluviquean Armed Forces, divided in three branches: the Queen Army, the Royal Navy and the National Air Force. The Parliament have the right to block or allow the decisions about the use of the armed forces, except in case of external military aggression. The country has a professional and volunteer army with about 45.500 troops and 25.000 in reserve. Fluvique's defense has historically been one of the best equipped in the region, due to its own weapon research facilities, shipyards and tanks and plane factories. Howewer these facilities are used more to produce and sell equipment to other armies rather than re-equip the Armed Forces and the military expenditures declined since the 2001-2003 crisis, but is expected to have a development during the next years.
The economy of Fluvique benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population and an export-oriented agricultural and industrial sectors. It has a very high rating on the Human Development Index, with a GDP of approximately US$ 1.277 trillion and a GDP per capita of more than US$$34.000. Fluvique is a mixed economy and a country with a low income and wealth inequality. The Mevosa Stock Exchange is one of the largest stock exchange in Rushmore by market capitalization, list of over 1200 companies with a combined market capitalization of over US$4.5 billion as of 2016.
Since the mid 20th century, the grow of the manufacturing, mining and service sectors transformed Fluvique from a undeveloped, rural and agro-export country to an urbanized, industrial one. Historically its economic performance has been characterised by stability and growth. In the mid 20th century Fluvique achieved development and became one of the multiverse's richest nations. In 2002 the country suffered its worst social and economic crisis, defaulting $10 billion in bonds and with 30% of the population under poverty threshold. Since 2004, Fluvique is one of the fastest growing countries, with an average of 2,6% between 2004-2010, managing to stop the decline and being a very-high income economy. Like other developed nations, Fluviquean economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs a large scale of the country's workforce. Howewer, Fluviquean west provinces still are dominated by the primary sector, with agriculture and mining as the most prominent components.
Fluvique is one of the few nations with self supply of energy. The country possesses vast deposits of natural gas and oil in the provinces of Sallcia, Terralands and South Cape. Important offshore deposits were discovered in the Yellow River in recent years, but their explotation is still underdeveloped due to many enviromental laws and criticism. Fluvique is traditionally known as the World's feeder, one of the largest suppliers of agricultural products: the Indian Plains are of the most important producers of wheat, meat, wool, maize, lemons, honey, potatoes, apples and wine. The rich natural resources includes major exports of zinc, uranium, nickel, gold, aliminum, steel, iron ore, coal and lead. The main deposits are located in the northern provinces, specially in the Fever Mountains hills, where the timber industry is highly developed. The core of manufacturing sector it's in the Geneva-Betham-Mevosa corridor, where more than 800 industrial parks are located.
The service sector contributes approximately 61% of the total GDP, industry 28% and agriculture 11%. The unemployment rate published by the Royal Stastistics Office amounts 5,3% in 2015. The top 10 exports of Fluvique are meat, cereals, vehicles, chemical goods, plastics, fish, wood, oil, iron and steel and precious metals
Fluvique wasn't affected by the global financial crisis, but the consequences in the country's main trade partners caused a stagnation and an economic slowdown. Recession and unemployment were avoided raising public spending between 2009 and 2011, keeping an average growth rate of 2%. In 2013, after a trial with several bondholders, the country was in a technical default. The Parliament passed the Dignity Act, refusing to negotiate with vulture funds and later passed the Payment Act, with authorised the payment in Fluviquean banks to those bondholders accepting the proposed debt restructuring. A full agreement was reached in March 2014 and Fluvique reduced its debt in around 34% and will pay $7,5 billion until 2022 to repay all incurred debts between 1996 and 2002, including the rescues packages from IMF.
As of 2016, the Fluviquean economy is expected to grow 2,3%. The industrial base is strong and diversified, with investments in the manufacturing sector, chemicals, food processing and energy. However, the country struggles with an structural budget deficit, a increasing deficit in the balance of payment and lack of credit and investment in royal companies, especially in Fluviquean Airways and Fluviquean Oil. In 2016 Fluvique's exports totalled over FLN$134.600 billion, while its imported goods were worth over $195.200 billion. The country's trade deficit totalled FLN$60.600 billion, compared with a FLN$ 48.25 billion deficit in 2014.
Fluvique is a multicultural country with significant European influences. Historically the country was influenced by europeans. Its cities are largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, the european architecture, desing and fashion. Modern Fluviquean culture has been largely influenced by Spanish, English, Italian,Dutch, German, among others. Museums, cinemas, and galleries are abundant in all the large urban centers, as well as traditional establishments such as literary bars, or bars offering live music of a variety of genres. There are lesser elements of aboriginal cultures in the fields of music and art. The other big influence is the paysans, an icon of Fluvique. They are characterized by his wisdom and knowledge about the countryside,solidarity, goodwill and a simple life style. Also they were important actors in the Independence War, fighting alone with professional armies and defeating them many times.
Fluvique has a big tradition in literature since the colonial era, but started with the publication Gerard Martsh's "Hinterland tale", a romantic landmark that played a big role in the development of the 19th century's Fluviquean narrative, split by the ideological divide between the popular, federalist epic of Carl West's Juan Paysan and the elitist and cultured discourse of Swanson's masterpiece, New Man.
The modernist movement into the 20th century including exponents such as William Humble and poet Beth Adams, was followed with by Vanguardism, with Ricardo's "A legend country" as an important reference.
Fluviquean art has been dominated by Eliseo Del Pino, the country most famous painter. Del Pino started to paint scenes of the Mevosa port in 1901 and his works helped to show the bad situation of the working class at the start of the century. In the other side was Daniel Andrea, who painted the landscapes of the country and scenes of the paysans life. Since 1960, the country has a lot of art programs and the first national festival took place in 1964.
Internationally laureate sculptors Ernest Flotta, Julia Plum and Roger Yay authored many of the classical evocative monuments of the Fluviquean cityscape.
Unruhig is a musical genre with europeans and native influences, is the most renowned symbol of the Fluviquean identity. The name came from the german word "restless". The golden age of Unruhig (1912 to mid 1950s) featured big orchestras like those of Matts Arreg, Oswald Simpson, Francesco Pagani, Albert Lallana and John Harley. Unruhig enjoys worldwide popularity nowadays.
Fluvique developed strong classical music and dance scenes that gave rise to renowned artists such as Albert Lands, composer; Wilfred Lysysky, violinist; Violet Hanmilton and Eduard Silvestre, pianists; Daniel Baden, pianist and symphonic orchestra director; Gabriel Pitt and Marc Rodriguez, tenors; and to ballet dancers George Monn, John Nethers, Norm Fonts, Max Power, Maria Jose Wildow, Marianela Belgran, Uki Anders and Julio Morrison.
Fluviquean rock developed as a distinct musical style in the mid-1960s, when Mevosa and Betham became cradles of aspiring musicians. Founding bands like The Ones, Nothing, River Mountain, Plus Ultra and The Fox were followed by Le Fous, Grandpas Hide, Soup and The Old King and his guard with prominent artists including Ben Williams, Andy Skiward, Lewis Spoon, Charles Fad, Pete Pol and Lyonel Kasz.
Theatre and Cinema
Fluvique theatre traces its origins to the spanish creation of colonial fist theatre El Alto in 1791. In this stage, in 1795, a comedy called "A fly" had its premiere. "A fly" now is a lost work, but its considered the first national play in history, because was written by Marcelo Andreozzi, borned in Mevosa. The theatre was part of the events of the April revolution in 1808 and suffered several damages during the Independence process. Was rebuilt later in 1860 and finished in 1874.
Mevosa is one of the biggest capitals in the world, with a scene of international caliber centered on Church Avenue, "the street of holy noise", something referred to as an intellectual Broadway in Mevosa. The Royal Theatre is a global landmark for opera and classical performances; its acoustics are considered among the world's top ten. Other important theatrical venues include General Saint-Romain Theatre, Cervantes, both in Mevosa City; Fluviquean in Betham, The Circle in Alkanter, Independence in Greencastle, and Liberty in Geneva.
The cinema industry is one of the most developed in the world. Started in 1891 was a prominent in the world until the late 1950s.
Fluviqueans films have achieved worldwide recognition: the country has won two Academy Award for Best Film, with The Showdown (1982) and Remember (2006) with four nominations: The Pact (1977), Fault (1981), The Showdown (1982) and Remember (2006)
The Fluviquean cuisine is characterized by italian influence. The pasta has a lot of local variants, with spaghetti, sorrentinos, cannelloni and gnocchi at the top of the list. The meat is more than important, being the first dish. A popular saying is that "The only food is meat; the rest is garnish". The country has the highest consumption of red meat in the world, traditionally prepared as "asenble", the Fluviquean barbecue. The national food is milanesa with french fries and two eggs ( with mashed potatoes in north)
Common desserts include Viennese-style pastry, like the local "plaisents". Also the cakes and pancakes filled with chocolate. The aboriginal cultures are presents in the "indian bread" (shortbread cookies sandwiched together with chocolate or a fruit paste) and "nomad" (masa harina fried).
See also Fluvique at the Summer Olympics
Fluvique has a varied sporting culture, with a rich story among the world's elite in several disciplines. The most popular sport is football, considered more important than religion or politics. The Fluviquean First Division is the top-tier competition in the country, with twelve provinces or territories represented with teams in 2016. The team with most First Division championships is Betham Football Club with 30. Internationally, the Fluviquean clubs have won a total of 58 titles, being Mevosa Football Club the most successful with 22. According to surveys, nine out of ten Fluviqueans are supporters of a football team and attends the matches every week. The Fluviquean national squad, nickamed The White Foxes, reached the final of the 60 Baptism of Fire and the semifinals in The Cup of Harmony and won the Olypic Bronze medal at Aeropag. Sam Gonza, Paul Di Angello and FEDE are considered in the group of the best players in the multiverse.
Basketball is a very popular sport. The men's national team , The Golden Boys, have won the bronze medal in the Games of the X Olympiad and the silver medal at the XI Olympics in Aeropag. The Fluviquean Basketball League have a high attendance since its establishment. Field hockey is the most popular sport among the female population. The country's women's field hockey team 'The Panthers' is one of the world's most successful. The 'Young Lions', the men's national team, won the Olympic gold medal in the Games of the XI Olympiad in Aeropag. The country anually host the Challenge Trophy, a friendly tournament for both men and women. Plus, Fluvique's Eva Leiah is considered one of the best female players in the history.
Tennis is also a sport of big importance, the Fluviqueans tennis players have won eight Grand Slams titles and Juan Gabriel Fernandez won a bronze medal in the Games of the X Olympiad. The main surfaces are grass and clay (centre and south) and indoor (northern provinces). Rugby is a common sport in Mevosa, Betham and Greencastle, with more than 50.000 registred players. The national side, The Red Devils, is a recognized team in the multiverse and also has experience in Rugby Sevens and Rugby League. In the Games of the XI, the Red Devils won the silver medals in Rugby 7s.
In boxing, Fluvique has milestones in both men and women. Tasha Sissie and Nick Standorf have won gold medals in the Olympics, while Constance Sotta won a silver medal. Other popular sports include saling, judo and fencing, which has total of ten olympic medals combined. Fluvique participated in two Olympic Games, winning 47 medals, with 10 golden medals.
The continental Fluvique is connected by more than 256.500 kilometres of paved roads, including 12,200 of expressways which interconnects all provincial capitals in the National Highways System. These roads and highways are managed by provincial and municipal authorities, using the federal funds assigned. In 2014, the government started the work of the North Passage tunnel, who will connect directly the city of Himberns in Saint Lucie with the town of Ensenada, in Tarta, Yellow River Islands Territory. This tunnel under the Yellow River waters will connect the both continental and insular Fluvique and is expected to be completed in 2020, with a second phase starting in 2022, with the project to reach the neighbour Tartea island.
Fluviquean Airways is the Kingdom's largest air carrier and its flag carrier, operates 310 aircraft (including FluyLines) and is a important actor in the connectivity from east to west provinces. The company was first created as a service of the Royal Post and Telegraph Office in 1925. After the WWII, was refounded as Royal Company with another three companies. During the Berankis term, the Royal Fluviquean Airways was created, uniting minors companies and creating the flag carrier. The company was sold during in the 90s and re-statized in 2012 by Royal Decree as a "important service for the Kingdom interests"
At 2014 the country have more than a thousand airports, with 564 with paved runways. The King Faust International Airport in Mevosa is the largest of the country, followed by Air Creek in Betham, Minister Sanders in Saint Matthew and Saints Happenings in Geneva. Also, every province capital has an important airport for both passengers and cargo. The airports are public owned by the Royal Fluviquean Airports Authority.
Fluvique has one of the largest railway system in Rushmore, with almost 78.000 kilometres of lines. The system links the 12 provinces and two territories (The Yellow River territory is not included by his insular condition) The system was the engine of the country since 1880, in the agro-exports era and, when the country developed a industrial basis, the rail construction experienced a boom. After a decline era in the 80s and 90s and the selling of Fluviquean Railways, the government bought the company again in 2013. Nowadays, the railway industry is growing fast as is one of the economy pillars
The water transportation includes a fleet of private ferries in the Yellow River, which covers the routes to Tarta, Tartea and neighbours countries like Kloset, Baho and Marso Islands. The internal rivers, like the Imperial, North and South, are navigable in some courses, but the use is only for shallow boats. Historically the Mevosa port is the most important in the region, with 86% of the comercial operations (both exports and imports) passing by the New Port. However since the 1970s all the coastal provinces started projects of big ports and marinas to rival with Mevosa and directly export to world, giving incentives and tax and customs reductions.
In 2015, the half of his energy production came from renewable energy: 10% from hydroelectric; 30% from wind power and 10% from solar power. The remainder was supplied by natural gas (30%) and nuclear power (20%).
For decades, petroleum and coal were the main power source in the country, due to many resources available. Due to the discover of new petroleum deposits in the 70s, the country reached self-supply and capacity to export. In the 50s and 60s, the nuclear power became more important and three nuclear plants were built and also hydroelectric energy started to be a large part of the production.
According to the Hubbert peak theory, Fluvique reached the peak in 1994 and, together with coal, production is in decline since then. However, the production is still enough to supply the local market. Thus, renewable and clean energies began to receive federal investments until the Fluviquean Crisis (1998-2003). In the period 2006-2014, the clean and renewable energies became the main resource, due to the National Energy Program. However, the post-crisis industrial growth increased the energy consumption and is expected to continue, as long as Fluvique continue his economical recovery.
The current projects include new wind farms in northern provinces and the offshore farm in the coast of South Cape. Also, two new nuclear plants are being built in Sallcia and Terralands, to be completed in 2022 and 2024 respectively.