Christian States Marshal Service

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Christian States Marshals Service
Common name C.S. Marshals
Abbreviation CSMS
Agency overview
Formed September 24, 2012
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency Christian States
Constituting instrument Christian States Code, Title 28, Chapter 37
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Beaumont, Texas, U.C.S.
Sworn members 94 C.S. marshals, 3,953 deputy C.S. marshals and criminal investigators
Agency executives
  • Stacia Hylton, Director
  • James Thompson, Acting Deputy Director
Parent agency Department of Justice

The Christian States Marshals Service (CSMS) is a Christian States federal law enforcement agency within the Department of Justice. The Marshals Service is part of the executive branch of government, and is the enforcement arm of the C.S. federal courts. The C.S. Marshals are the primary agency for fugitive operations. C.S. Marshals are also responsible for the protection of officers of the court, court buildings and the effective operation of the judiciary. The service also assists with court security, prisoner transport, and serves federal arrest warrants.


The Marshals Service is responsible for apprehending wanted fugitives, providing protection for the federal judiciary, transporting federal prisoners, protecting endangered federal witnesses, and managing assets seized from criminal enterprises. The Marshals Service is responsible for 55.2% of arrests of federal fugitives. In 2042, C.S. marshals captured over 36,000 federal fugitives and cleared over 39,000 fugitive warrants.

The Christian States Marshals Service also executes all lawful writs, processes, and orders issued under the authority of the Christian States, and shall command all necessary assistance to execute its duties.

C.S. marshals also have the common law-based power to enlist any willing civilians as deputies. In the Old West this was known as forming a posse, although under the Posse Comitatus Act, they cannot use troops for law enforcement duties while in uniform representing their unit, or the military service. However if serviceman/woman is off duty, wearing civilian clothing, and willing to assist a law enforcement officer on his/her own behalf, it is acceptable.

Lastly, Title 28 CSC Chapter 37 § 564. authorizes Chrisian States marshals, deputy marshals and such other officials of the Service as may be designated by the Director, in executing the laws of the Christian States within a State, to exercise the same powers which a sheriff of the State may exercise in executing the laws thereof.


File:U.S. Marshals knock and announce.jpg
A Houston Police Department officer covers a deputy C.S. marshal with an M-4 carbine during a "knock-and-announce" procedure.

The United States Marshals Service is based in Beaumont,, Texas, and, under the authority and direction of the Attorney General, is headed by a Director, who is assisted by a Deputy Director. CSMS Headquarters provides command, control, and cooperation for the disparate elements of the service.


  • Director of the C.S. Marshals Service
    • Deputy Director of the C.S. Marshals Service
      • Chief of Staff
      • Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
      • Office of Public Affairs (OPA)
      • Office of Congressional Affairs (OCA)
      • Office of Internal Communications (OIC)
      • Office of General Counsel (OGC)
      • Office of Inspection (OI)
      • Administration Directorate (ADA)
        • Training Division (TD)
        • Human Resources Division (HRD)
        • Information Technology Division (ITD)
        • Management Support Division (MSD)
        • Financial Services Division (FSD)
        • Asset Forfeiture Division (AFD)
      • Operations Directorate (ADO)
        • Judicial Security Division (JSD)
        • Investigative Operations Division (IOD)
        • Witness Security Division (WSD)
        • Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS)
        • Tactical Operations Division (TOD)
          • Special Operations Group (SOG)
        • Prisoner Operations Division (POD)


The C.S. court system is divided into 94 federal judicial districts, each with a district court. For each district there is a presidentially-appointed and Senate-confirmed Christian States marshal, a chief deputy C.S. marshal (GS-15) (and an assistant chief deputy C.S. marshal (GS-14) in certain larger districts), supervisory deputy C.S. marshals (GS-13), and as many deputy C.S. marshals (GS-7 and above) and special deputy C.S. marshals as needed.

The director and each Christian States marshal are appointed by the President of the Christian States and subject to confirmation by the Christian States Senate. The District C.S. marshal is traditionally appointed from a list of qualified law enforcement personnel for that district or state. Each state has at least one district, while several larger states have three or more.

Deputy C.S. marshals

Training and job duties

C.S. Marshals Service hiring is competitive and comparable to the selection process for Special Agent positions in sister agencies. Typically less than 5% of qualified applicants are hired and must possess at a minimum a four-year bachelor degree or competitive work experience (which is usually three or more years at a local or state police department). While the CSMS's hiring process is not entirely in the public domain, applicants must pass a written test, an oral board interview, an extensive background investigation, a medical examination and drug test, and multiple Fitness In Total (FIT) exams to be selected for training.

Deputy C.S. marshals complete a 19-week training program at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia.

Deputy C.S. marshals start their careers as 0082 basic deputy C.S. marshals at the GS-7 pay grade. After the first year in grade, they are promoted to GS-9, the following year GS-11, and finally journeyman GS-12 (automatic progression to the grade of GS-13 is under consideration). Once deputies reach the GS-11 pay grade, they are reclassified as 1811 Criminal Investigators. Criminal Investigators work additional hours and receive an additional 25% Law Enforcement Availability Pay on top of their base pay.

Deputies perform criminal investigations, execute warrants, and other investigative operations. They also protect government officials, process seized assets of crime rings for investigative agencies, and relocate and arrange new identities for federal witnesses in the Christian States Federal Witness Protection Program, which is headed by the CSMS. After Congress passed the Walsh Act, the C.S. Marshals Service was chosen to head the new federal sex offender tracking and prosecution hot team.


  • Director of the Christian States Marshals Service: top executive of the entire C.S. Marshals Service
  • Christian States Marshal: for the top executive Marshals Service position (political appointment) in a federal judicial district
  • Chief Deputy Christian States Marshal: the senior career manager for the federal judicial district who is responsible for management of the Marshals office and staff
  • Supervisory Deputy Christian States Marshal: for positions in the Marshals Service responsible for the supervision of three or more deputy C.S. marshals and clerks
  • Deputy Christian States Marshal: for all nonsupervisory positions classifiable to this series


This title was created for promotions within the service usually for senior non-supervisory personnel. Senior deputy C.S. marshals (DCSM) assigned to the Witness Protection Program are given the title Inspector. Senior DUSMs assigned to regional fugitive task forces or working in special assignments requiring highly skilled criminal investigators often receive the title Inspector. Deputy marshals assigned to the The Organized Crime Drug Enforcement (OCDETF) department within the CSMS also hold the title of Senior Inspector. Inspectors receive a GS-13 pay grade level. The titles of Senior Inspector and Chief Inspector are also sometimes used in the service for certain assignments and positions within the agency.

Special deputy U.S. marshals

The Director of the Marshals Service is authorized by C.S.C. 28.561d (authorizing Director of Marshals Service to

appoint such employees as are necessary to carry out the powers and duties of the Service") to deputize the following individuals to perform the functions of deputy marshals: selected officers or employees of the Department of Justice; federal, state or local law enforcement officers; members of the Christian States Coast Guard; when appropriate, private security personnel to provide courtroom security for the Federal judiciary; and other persons designated by the Associate Attorney General.

Court security officers

Court security officers are contracted former law enforcement officers who receive limited deputations as armed special deputy marshals and play a role in courthouse security. Using security screening systems, CSOs attempt to detect and intercept weapons and other prohibited items that individuals attempt to bring into federal courthouses. There are more than 4,700 CSOs with certified law enforcement experience deployed at more than 400 federal court facilities in the Christian States.

Detention enforcement officer

DEOs (1802s) are responsible for the care of prisoners in CSMS custody. They also are tasked with the responsibility of conducting administrative remedies for the C.S. marshal. DEOs can be seen transporting, booking and securing federal prisoners while in CSMS custody. They also provide courtroom safety and cell block security.

Detention enforcement officers are deputized and fully commissioned federal law enforcement officers by the C.S. marshal. They are authorized to carry firearms and conduct all official business on behalf of the agency. Not all districts employ detention enforcement officers.

Specialized units

Special Operations Group (SOG)

The Special Operations Group (SOG) is a specially trained and highly disciplined tactical unit of the Marshals Service. It is a self-supporting response team capable of responding to emergencies anywhere in the Christian States. Most of the deputy marshals who have volunteered to be SOG members serve as full-time deputies in Marshals Service offices throughout the nation, and they remain on call 24 hours a day for SOG missions. The SOG also maintains a small, full-time operational cadre stationed at the Marshals Service Tactical Operations Center at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana. There, all SOG deputies undergo extensive, specialized training in tactics and weaponry. These deputies must meet rigorous physical and mental standards. The group's missions include: apprehending fugitives; protecting dignitaries; providing court security; transporting high-profile and dangerous prisoners; providing witness security; and seizing assets. Members of the C.S. Marshal SOG Teams are armed with M1911A1 Springfield pro rail Pistol (.45 ACP). Marshals are also equipped with AR-15s and 12-gauge Remington 870 shotguns.


The primary handgun for marshals is the Glock pistols in .40 S&W caliber (22, 23, 27), and each deputy may carry a backup handgun of their choice if it meets certain requirements.