|This page is a work in progress by its author(s) and should not be considered final.|
|The National Republic of Fratanica
With great passion comes great changes.
|Motto: With great passion comes great changes.|
|Anthem: O' Hail The Heavens|
and largest city
|Ethnic groups||72.8% Fratanican, 27.2% Other|
|Government||Unitary Parlimentary Republic|
|-||Prime Minister||Rob Smith|
|-||Representative Major||Hon. Alberto Redici|
|-||Ruled by Absolute Monarchy||561 BC|
|-||The Bayzkhn Republic||212 BC|
|-||Kingdom of Zakheria||13 November 203|
|-||Fratanican Confederation||27 March 870|
|-||Holy Fratanican Empire||1120 (?)|
|-||Cease of Existence, under rule by Caesserian forces||10 September 1581|
|-||National Republic of Fratanica||18 October 1650|
|-||Enactment of Current Constitution||8 July 1901|
1,742,406.068 sq mi
|-||Total||R$ 271 trillion|
|-||Per capita||R$ 94,151|
|HDI (2015)|| 0.835
|Time zone||(UTC+8 to +4)|
|-||Summer (DST)||(UTC+9 to +5)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy PA|
|ISO 3166 code||NF|
Fratanica, fully named The National Republic of Fratanica, is a unitary parliamentary republic located in Wysteria. It is bordered by The Grendels to the North and Marldeep to the West. The landmass of the mainland is 4,512,811 km² (1,742,406.068 square miles). There are 3 oversea territories, the Mardellian Islands, which is to the south of the mainland, Alsengar, which is situated in the seas to the east, and Lorenda, which is to the south as well. Las Ventados is the capital and largest city of Fratanica. Las Ventados also serves as the place where the Fratanican government and various agencies are situated. Fratanica is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the head of the government and head of state being the President of Fratanica. The legislative is the National Parliament, and the President sits as a member. However, the President does not vote in a parliamentary session. The country is divided into 11 provinces and 3 overseas territories.
Dating back to 8800 BCE, Fratanican land was occupied by the Poloynian and Hepi people. These tribes separated and broke off over the course of the next millenia. Usage of trading and bartering was used as a form of currency. Starting around 2300 BC, the land was divided into multiple states and regions with different forms of government and reigns of power. The land was then incorporated into an Absolute Monarchy beginning in 561 BC. This form of government existed until 212 BC, when the state collapsed and was replaced by the Bayzkhn Republic. The Bayzkhn Republic became a powerful nationstate, being strong militarily and economically. In 203, the Kingdom of Zakheria defeated Bayzkhn forces and took over the Republic after a 6-year war consisting of bloodshed and destruction of Bayzkhn forts.
The Kingdom of Zakheria installed a cruel and oppressive government in the former Republic. Many of those who lived in the former Bayzkhn republic were angered by this kingdom, however, they were all fearful of the government. The Zakherians were famous for cruel punishments and torture, oppressing those that opposed him. The Zakherians also had a large military presence, killing those that attempted to cause an insurrection. A bloody insurrection, which began in 867, finally kicked the Zakherians out of Fratanica, and the Fratanican Confederation was born. The Holy Fratanican Empire was created in the 1150s. In the 15th century, fine arts flourished. Artists such as Alberto de Redici and Caesar Alesteri revolutionized sculpture and painting in Fratanica, and brought about a renaissance era. However, this renaissance period was short-lived. In the late 16th century, the Caesserian empire ultimately overthrew the Fratanican government. After a century, this government was overthrown through another revolution by rebels of the Sovereignity Movement and the current form of Fratanica was born. In the late 19th century, Fratanican went through an industrial revolution. Factories and manufacturing exponentially grew, which also helped spike Fratanica's economy. This was also the time when it began trading with other countries. In 1938, a economic depression induced civil unrest and violence. The economy was near collapse. However, the new President of Fratanica, George Hanssen, introduced a new economic policy where citizens would trade in their gold for incentives. This brought Fratanica out of this period of economic instability. Today, Fratanica is a thriving, developed nation with mass public reforms in the 1980s. The HDI had increased dramatically from the 1950s to the 1980s, there was equal wealth distribution, there was better education of youth, and the number of low-income families had decreased exponentially. Fratanica has a high-tech, large military Fratanica currently hosts a good GDP per capita and has maintained high levels of development across the entirety of Fratanica. Fratanica boasts power in many sectors of the business industry, including defence technology and production of agricultural goods. It is a member of the World Assembly, International Justice System, and the International Exchange Student Program.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography, climate, and environment
- 4 Politics
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture
- 8 Education
- 9 Healthcare
The name "Fratanica" comes from the Hepi word fretius, meaning peace. The word is believed to have originated in 7000 BC, as the first documented use of the word fretius written in a Hepi principles book. It was originally used as word to hold a discussion between the other tribes, in order to establish peace and stability. Fretius was also mentioned in multiple pieces of Hepi literature talking about Zygoti, the god of love and peace.
Geography, climate, and environment
The landmass of the mainland of Fratanica is about 9,710,810 square kilometers, which is roughly around 3,749,365.088 square miles. The Mardellian Islands are 10,418 square kilometers, or 4,022.4013 square miles. Alsengar is 25,551 square kilometers, or 9865.2963 square miles. Lorenda is 4,351 square kilometers, or 1679.93 square miles. Together, the overseas territories are 40320 square kilometers, or 15,567.639 square miles.
The southern seaboard of Fratanica is home to more rivers and lakes. There is also a large amount of luscious greenery present in the southern region of Fratanica. They are also home to the Sofloy Mountains and the Icer Mountain Range. The northern region of Fratanica contains various forests and national parks. The northern climate is warmer and rains more often, which creates multiple
Due to its large landmass, Fratanica hosts many types of biomes and climate types. The Southeastern region of is more cold and less humid, while the Northeastern region is generally warmer and very humid. The Northwestern region is said to have an alpine climate. The Southwestern region is dry and arid.
Fratanica operates a unitary semi-presidential parliamentary republic with both a President and a Prime Minister. The current constitution was ratified and put into law on July 8, 1901. The current constitution describes the powers of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Currently, the executive branch is headed by both the President of Fratanica, Francisco Aguillon, as well as the Prime Minister of Fratanica, Rob Smith. Both offices hold elections every 5 years, and both the President and Prime Minister are eligible for up to two terms in their positions. The head of state is the President of Fratanica, while the head of government is the Prime Minister.
Fratanica's legislature is bicameral. The entire legislature is coined as the National Parliament. The National Assembly is separated into two houses, the Lower House and the Upper House. There are currently 470 legislators in the Lower House and 200 legislators in the Upper House. A bill or law first goes through the Lower House. The Lower House hosts elections every 3 years, while the Upper House hosts elections every 4 years. Each member of the National Parliament is only allowed 3 terms as defined by the Fratanican constitution.
The Upper House of the Fratanican parliament is considered more powerful. They have the final say in passing a law or bill. Once a bill is passed through both the Lower House and Upper House, the bill goes to the Prime Minister and President of Fratanica, who ultimately have the ability to veto a bill. However, a bill can go through both houses of Parliament again in order to solidify the bill. In this case, the President or Prime Minister can not re-veto a bill.
Fratanica's two major parties are the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party. Currently, the Conservative Party holds the most seats in Parliament, with 318 legislators in the Lower House and 107 in the Upper House. However, both the President and Prime Minister are currently from the Liberal Party.
Fratanica utilizes a civil legal system, where the law is governed by a set of written statutes; the judges do not get to create law, but rather are only allowed to interpret the law written in these written statutes. While Fratanica does not officially see this document as an official part of the Fratanican law system, Fratanican law is based off of the principles listed in France's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The highest court of Fratanica is the Supreme Court of Fratanica, a group of 16 permanent judges appointed by the President and the National Parliament who handle both administrative and constitutional cases. This group of judges handles the largest cases in Fratanica which have been processed through the local, provincial, and national courts. Once the case gets to the Supreme Court, they interpret Fratanican constitutional and administrative law to decide the verdict.
Fratanica divides law into two different areas: private law and public law. Similar to many nations who use a civil legal system, the private law handles all matters regarding civil law and criminal law, while public law handles all matters regarding constitutional law. Administrative law is a subsection of civil law, meaning that, in theory, administrative law is a part of private law. The highest court for all matters regarding private law is the National Criminal Court, which is the last resort if a case passes through multiple levels of courts without any known verdict. This court is comprised of 12 judges interpreting statutes of private law. All national laws are only official if they are put into the Fratanican Journal of Law. Provincial and local legislatures have the right to pass laws for their jurisiction.
Fratanica has had no laws regarding the practice of religion or speech since 1877. LGBT rights and same-sex marriage has been legal in Fratanica since 2007. Fratanica also has given its citizens a vast right to free speech, however, topics such as hate speech and anti-semitism are controversial. Many people believe that hate speech and racism should be banned. However, according to a ruling during Montonia Province v. Chekofer, the Supreme Court has stated that hate speech is protected by the Fratanican constitution.
Fratanica maintains good relations with other democratic nations, such as the United States and the United Kingdom. It also maintains good relations with It is also a member of the World Assembly, voting on international and security resolutions. Fratanica holds decent relations with Ghosnia. Fratanica is a member of the International Justice System, the World Assembly, and the International Exchange Student Program. Fratanica maintains good standing in the Wysterian community and is known to be a large influence on the world stage.
Fratanica is a long-standing member of the World Assembly, and has been a part of the World Assembly since 1964. Since then, Fratanica has voted on hundreds of international resolutions and security resolutions since its introduction into the World Assembly.
Fratanica are known to host alot of diplomatic missions all around the world to progress freedom and democracy all around the world. Fratanica is also known to be a large donor in development aid. It is believed that up to 0.4% of Fratanica's GDP is spent on assisting developing nations and encouraging democratic means of governing all around the world.
The Fratanican Armed Forces are the military forces of Fratanica, with the President as Commander-in-Chief and Prime Minister as Vice Commander-in-Chief. The Fratanican Armed Forces consists of the Fratanican Army, the Fratanican Navy, the Fratanican Marine Corps, and the Fratanican Air Force. It also hosts an organized militia known as the Internal Defence Forces with air and ground branches. Currently, Fratanican coasts are being protected by the Maritime Police, who can be transferred to the Fratanican military in wartime. Fratanica hosts a large military of around 3.6 million total personnel (active and reserve).
There is no conscription in the Fratanican Armed Forces. Currently, the Fratanican Armed Forces are an all-volunteer force and have been a all-volunteer force since 1975. However, conscription may be reinstated for men ages 18-40 in times of emergency and combat. There are no recorded instances after 1975 where conscription was reinstated due to emergency or wartime.
Fratanica spends around ᶂ4.3 trillion, or 12.6% of their GDP, on defence and the military. Fratanica has one of the best-funded militaries in the world with both advanced defence technology production and a large number of personnel. Fratanica both develops its own technology and receives arms from corporations such as Wolf Armaments, with Fratanica possessing thousands of AR Scorpions.
Like nations such as France and Spain, Fratanica has a special branch of the military which allow foreigners to participate in the Fratanican military called the Fratanican Foreign Legion. It was established in 1950 during the Cold War and was modelled after France's equivalent to the Fratanican Foreign Legion. The requirements are having lived in Fratanica for 3 months and having the ability to understand intermediate English. They are trained to special operations-level and are deployed with both ground forces and naval infantry forces to various locations around the globe.
Fratanica uses a method of nuclear deterrence in order to prevent any attacks. Fratanica's fleet consists of 6 Ashton-class submarines permanently stationed around Fratanican waters which are armed with submarine-launched ballistic missiles at all times. In addition, there are air-to-ground missiles with nuclear warheads deployed on LEF Striker strike fighters which could be deployed at any time from the aircraft carrier FNS George Hanssen. It is estimated that Fratanican currently holds around 3 thousand nuclear missiles.
The Fratanican military's main intelligence agency is the Special Intelligence Service, who run clandestine operations along with the IIA in order to gather information and pass it down to the Fratanican Armed Forces. It is believed that the Special Intelligence System hosts a budget of which is around half of the budget of the National Communications Service, however, the budget itself has been ruled to be classified by the Fratanican military.
Currently, Fratanica has 1.35 billion people living in mainland Fratanica, with an additional 2.1 million in Fratanica's overseas territories. It is considered very populous in comparison to the rest of the world, yet small compared to the populations of the Wysterian region. Fratanica ranks 26th in Wysterian population and is believed to be among the largest nations in terms of population around the world.
Fratanica has a medium rate of natural population growth, with natural births contributing to around 39% of the annual population growth. Compared to many Wysterian nations, Fratanica hosts a high birth rate and the natural growth is estimated to be around 200,000 to 250,000 every year. The total fertility rate is around 1.6% in 2015. However, it is estimated to have grown to around 1.7%.
From 2010 to 2015, it is estimated that the population grows at around 0.4% to 0.6% annually, with much of the growth contributing to refugees and immigrants from around the world. In a survey conducted by the Ministry of State, it was reported that up to 65% of the Fratanican population has at least 1 foreign-born parent, with 22% of the Fratanican population consisting of 2 foreign-born parents.
Energy and infrastructure
Science and technology
Fratanicans play a multitude of sports, however, the most popular sports in Fratanica is baseball, cycling, Taekwondo, and football. Fratanica currently has not hosted an major international sports competitions, however, Fratanica has held both regional and small international sports competitions. Fratanica's largest sports stadium is located in Sealake, which is called Gristen Stadium. The Fratanican national football team has attempted to participate in international competitions, however, it has not yet due to a current problem with qualification.
Education in Fratanica is comprised of 3 levels of education: primary education, secondary education, teritiary education, and then university education. Public and private education are both regulated by the Ministry of Education of Fratanica. Currently, education, whether home-schooled or not, is compulsory until the age of 16. The schools themselves are in charge of hiring teachers and staff for the schools, and the management of these schools fall upon the school board of their district.
Primary education consists of the years 1-5, as well as including preschool and kindergarten in the first stage of the education system. In the first stage of their primary education, children learn basic learning of English and communication skills. They also learn social development skills and basic arithmetic. Afterwards, beginning in year 1 or around age 6 or 7, education gets more intensive. They learn reading, writing, language, civics, and arithmetic. The year afterwards, they begin to learn subjects such as basic history, art, and science. At around age 11 or 12, the children transition into secondary school. Secondary school consists of years 6-8, where they are educated on history, art, mathematics, science, and language. Finally, teritiary education consists of the years 9-12. Around age 14 or 15, the children enter teritiary schools, where they begin to earn scholarships to prestigious universities and others. This is also the time when they begin studying for the NAE, or the National Assessment Exam. During year 11 or 12, the NAE is taken by all students in public and private school.
University education is decided based on the student's performance in the NAE, grades in the teritiary system, and extra-curriculars. Depending on the background of the student and scores on the assessments, the students may be offered a scholarship by various prestigious universities of Fratanica. The school is chosen through applying and getting it through acceptance. University education is where one chooses their own degree and field to study. Prestigious universities include the Las Ventados University of Sciences, the Fratanican School of Fine Arts, and Esler University.
The Fratanican healthcare system is a universal, subsidized system which is financed by a governmental funds system. Fratanica spends roughly 11.7% of its GDP on healthcare, or around ᶂ3.8 trillion.