Difference between revisions of "Supreme Court (The Leftist Assembly)"

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Latest revision as of 18:13, 14 September 2019

Government Branches
Executive Cabinet
Legislature General Assembly
Judiciary Supreme Court
The Supreme Court of
The Leftist Assembly
Rosy Red.png
Overview
Branch Judicial
Leader none
Membership 3 Justices

The Supreme Court is the judicial branch of The Leftist Assembly. It consists of three Justices appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. This body handles legal disputes between citizens, hosts court cases to settle criminal charges, votes on said criminal charges upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing, and is the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law.

History

Tiered Justices

The Legal Standard Act was proposed by Llorens in the 5th General Assembly and passed by referendum, 18-3, on 21 May 2017. As per its changes, the positions of Chief Justice, First Justice and Second Justice, held at the time by New Lonopolian Empire, Rathfarnham and Llorens respectively, were each renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all legal proceedings of the Ministry of Law.

Independent judiciary

The Judicial Separation Act was proposed by Llorens in the 7th General Assembly and passed by referendum, 19-1, on 6 November 2017. As per its changes, the legislature and judiciary were completely separated following the December 2017 election, with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also officially named the judiciary as the Supreme Court.

Civil and criminal law

The Civil Cases legislative package was proposed by Dawtania in the 14th General Assembly, with a referendum passing 37-15 on 10 August 2019, and one subsequent statute law amendment passed by the General Assembly, 3-2. As per its changes, civil lawsuits and criminal cases were officially separated, distinguished by the dealing with non-criminal and criminal laws respectively, as well as the title of the accusatory party being changed from prosecutor to plaintiff for civil lawsuits.

Terms

Elected

Term Election
1st March 2016
2nd -
3rd September 2016
4th December 2016
5th March 2017
6th June 2017
7th September 2017

Appointed

Term Appointed by
8th South Miruva
9th Cedoria
10th Kavagrad
11th Kavagrad
12th New Arkados
13th The Final Horseman
14th The Final Horseman
15th Argentigrad

Procedure

Criminal cases

Criminal cases deal with criminal law, and the two parties are the prosecutor and the defendant. The prosecutor informs the Supreme Court of the nation they are prosecuting, the provision they believe said nation is violating, and the evidence of said violation. If a majority of the Supreme Court decides to host a trial, then it selects one of its members as the presiding judge, which cannot be the prosecutor or the defendant. The defendant is then issued a notice at least 24 hours before the trial commences, at which time the presiding judge introduces the trial on the Regional Message Board. Once the presiding judge has agreed to close the trial, they vote on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the accusation, and a majority of the Supreme Court can then overrule any decision of the presiding judge.

Lawsuits

Lawsuits deal with non-criminal law, and the two parties are the plaintiff and the defendant. The plaintiff informs the Supreme Court of the nation they are prosecuting, the provision they believe said nation is violating, and the evidence of said violation. If a majority of the Supreme Court decides to host a trial, then it selects one of its members as the presiding judge, which cannot be the plaintiff or the defendant. The defendant is then issued a notice at least 24 hours before the trial commences, at which time the presiding judge introduces the trial on the Regional Message Board. Once the presiding judge has agreed to close the trial, they vote on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the accusation, and a majority of the Supreme Court can then overrule any decision of the presiding judge.