Difference between revisions of "Supreme Court (The Leftist Assembly)"

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{{infobox
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The '''Supreme Court''' is the judiciary of [[Region/The Leftist Assembly|The Leftist Assembly]]. It consists of three Justices appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. This body handles legal disputes between citizens, hosts court cases to settle criminal charges, votes on said criminal charges upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing, and is the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law.
| title = Supreme Court
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| image1 = [[File:Rosy Red.png|200px]]
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| headerstyle = background:#ffcc00;
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|-
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| header1 = Current Justices
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| label2 = Justice 1 | data2 = Llorens
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| label3 = Justice 2 | data3 = Morvan
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| label4 = Justice 3 | data4 = Auven
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|-
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| header5 = Current Term
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| label6 = Start | data6 = 2 July 2019
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| label7 = End | data7 = September 2019
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}}
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The '''Supreme Court''' is the judiciary of [[Region/The Leftist Assembly|The Leftist Assembly]]. It consists of three Justices nominated by the Secretary and approved by the region. This body holds ultimate jurisdiction on the law, and hosts court cases to settle legal disputes.
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The current Justices are Llorens, Morvan, and Auven. Their term commenced on 2 July 2019 and will conclude with the appointment of the next Justices in September 2019.
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==History==
 
==History==
The Justices were initially tiered as Chief, First and Second Justice until the Legal Standard Act passed via referendum on 21 May 2017, whereby the authority of the three Justices was equalised.
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===Tiered Justices===
 +
The Legal Standard Act was proposed by Llorens in the 5th General Assembly and passed by referendum, 18-3, on 21 May 2017. As per its changes, the positions of Chief Justice, First Justice and Second Justice, held at the time by New Lonopolian Empire, Rathfarnham and Llorens respectively, were each renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all legal proceedings of the Ministry of Law.
  
The judicial body itself was originally nameless until the Judicial Separation Act, which passed via referendum on 6 November 2017, established the name 'Supreme Court'. In addition, this bill ensured that Justices were no longer members of the [[General Assembly (The Leftist Assembly)|General Assembly]], coming into effect following the [[The Leftist Assembly election, December 2017|December 2017 election]].
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===Independent judiciary===
 +
The Judicial Separation Act was proposed by Llorens in the 7th General Assembly and passed by referendum, 19-1, on 6 November 2017. As per its changes, the legislature and judiciary were completely separated following the [[The Leftist Assembly election, December 2017|December 2017 election]], with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also officially named the judiciary as the Supreme Court.
  
===Votes===
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==Terms==
Since the 8th General Assembly, the Secretary has nominated Justices and they have each been faced with a confirmation vote. The results of these are as follows:
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===Elected===
 
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{| class="wikitable" style="width:25%; text-align:center"
{|class="wikitable center" style="width:60%"
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! Term
! style="text-align:center; width:40px" | Term
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! Election
! colspan="3" | Results
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|-
 
|-
| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[8th General Assembly|8th]]
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| [[1st Supreme Court|1st]]
| style="width:100px" | Libertasnia<sup>†</sup>
+
| [[The Leftist Assembly election, March 2016|March 2016]]
| style="width:100px" | Rathfarnham
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| style="width:100px" | VegemiteIsGross
+
 
|-
 
|-
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 12-1
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| [[2nd Supreme Court|2nd]]
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 10-3
+
| -
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 12-1
+
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[9th General Assembly|9th]]
+
| [[3rd Supreme Court|3rd]]
| Communistico
+
| [[The Leftist Assembly election, September 2016|September 2016]]
| Rathfarnham
+
| South Miruva
+
 
|-
 
|-
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 10-3
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| [[4th Supreme Court|4th]]
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 10-3
+
| [[The Leftist Assembly election, December 2016|December 2016]]
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 12-1
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|-
 
|-
| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[10th General Assembly|10th]]
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| [[5th Supreme Court|5th]]
| Communistico<sup>††</sup>
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| [[The Leftist Assembly election, March 2017|March 2017]]
| Morvan
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| South Miruva
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|-
 
|-
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 11-1
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| [[6th Supreme Court|6th]]
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 12-0
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| [[The Leftist Assembly election, June 2017|June 2017]]
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 11-1
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|-
 
|-
| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[11th General Assembly|11th]]
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| [[7th Supreme Court|7th]]
| Cedoria
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| [[The Leftist Assembly election, September 2017|September 2017]]
| Morvan
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| New Lonopolian Empire
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|-
+
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 12-2
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 13-1
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 13-1
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|-
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| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[12th General Assembly|12th]]
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| Halfblakistan
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| Morvan
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| Kavagrad
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|-
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 15-3
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 15-3
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 18-0
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|-
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| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[13th General Assembly|13th]]
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| Halfblakistan
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| Morvan
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| Auven
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|-
+
| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 16-1
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 16-1
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 13-4
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|-
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| rowspan=2; style="text-align:center" | [[14th General Assembly|14th]]
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| Llorens
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| Morvan
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| Auven
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|-
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 25-1
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 21-5
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| style="background-color:#ccffcc" | 18-8
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|}
 
|}
<small><sup>†</sup> Llorens was approved 21-0 later in the term to replace Libertasnia after they stepped down.</small>
 
  
<small><sup>††</sup> The Final Horseman was appointed by the Secretary later in the term to replace Communistico after they ceased-to-exist.</small>
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===Appointed===
 
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{| class="wikitable" style="width:25%; text-align:center"
==Justices==
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! Term
===Tiered===
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! Appointed by
The following are all the Justices prior to the abolition of the judiciary's tiered structure:
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{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" style="font-size:90%; line-height:2em; text-align:center; margin:0"
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|- style="line-height:1.5em; text-align:left"
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| width="100px" style="text-align:right" | '''Date'''
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| width="65px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | Mar. 2016
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| width="130px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | Apr. 2016
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| width="195px" |
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| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 30 Sep. 2016
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| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 31 Dec. 2016
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| width="45px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7; font-size:50%" | 31 Mar. 2017
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| width="50px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7; font-size:50%" | 15 Apr. 2017
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| width="45px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7; font-size:50%" | 27 Apr. 2017
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|-
 
|-
| Chief Justice
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| [[8th Supreme Court|8th]]
| colspan="3" style="background:#FF9999" | New Prague
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| South Miruva
| colspan="1" style="background:#DDFF99" | Llorens
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| colspan="1" style="background:#99FFBB" | Auven
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| colspan="3" style="background:#99FFFF" | NLE
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|-
 
|-
| First Justice
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| [[9th Supreme Court|9th]]
| colspan="3" style="background:#FFBB99" | Celera
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| Cedoria
| colspan="1" style="background:#BBFF99" | Losinia
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| colspan="1" style="background:#99FFFF" | New Lonopolian Empire
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| colspan="1" style="background:#FFBB99" | Cel.
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| colspan="2" style="background:#99DDFF" | Rathfarnham
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|-
 
|-
| Second Justice
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| [[10th Supreme Court|10th]]
| colspan="1" style="background:#FFDD99" | Devadia
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| Kavagrad
| colspan="2" style="background:#FFFF99" | Unfreedom
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| colspan="1" style="background:#FFBB99" | Celera
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| colspan="1" style="background:#BBFF99" | Losinia
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| colspan="1" style="background:#99DDFF" | Rath.
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| -
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#DDFF99" | Llorens
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|-
 
|-
|
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| [[11th Supreme Court|11th]]
| colspan="2" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 1st GA
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| Kavagrad
| style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 2nd GA
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| style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 3rd GA
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| style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 4th GA
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| colspan="3" style="color:#C7C7C7" | 5th GA
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|}
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===Non-tiered===
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The following are all the Justices following the abolition of the tiered structure, with the formal naming of the Supreme Court occurring on 6 November 2017:
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{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" style="font-size:90%; line-height:2em; text-align:center; margin:0"
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|- style="line-height:1.5em; text-align:left"
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| width="100px" style="text-align:right" | '''Date'''
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| width="55px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7; font-size:75%" | 21 May 2017
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| width="110px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 30 Jun. 2017
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| width="85px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 23 Aug. 2017
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| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 30 Sep. 2017
+
| width="130px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 22 Dec. 2017
+
| width="65px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7; font-size:75%" | 24 Feb. 2018
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| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 22 Mar. 2018
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|-
 
|-
| Justice 1
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| [[12th Supreme Court|12th]]
| colspan="1" style="background:#99FFFF" | NLE
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| New Arkados
| colspan="2" style="background:#99BBFF" | Facemus
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| colspan="1" style="background:#DD99FF" | Atealia
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| colspan="1" style="background:#FF99DD" | Libertasnia
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#DDFF99" | Llorens
+
| colspan="3" style="background:#FF99BB" | Communistico
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|-
 
|-
| Justice 2
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| [[13th Supreme Court|13th]]
| colspan="9" style="background:#99DDFF" | Rathfarnham
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| The Final Horseman
 
|-
 
|-
| Justice 3
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| [[14th Supreme Court|14th]]
| colspan="1" style="background:#DDFF99" | Llorens
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| The Final Horseman
| colspan="1" style="background:#9999FF" | Proletar
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| colspan="1" style="background:#BB99FF" | Veg.
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#FF99FF" | Cedoria
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| colspan="2" style="background:#BB99FF" | VegemiteIsGross
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| colspan="3" style="background:#FF9999" | South Miruva
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|-
+
|
+
| style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 5th GA
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| colspan="2" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 6th GA
+
| style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 7th GA
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| colspan="2" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 8th GA
+
| colspan="2" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-right:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 9th GA
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
 +
==Procedure==
 +
===Criminal cases===
 +
Criminal cases deal with criminal law, and the two parties are the prosecutor and the defendant. The prosecutor informs the Supreme Court of the nation they are prosecuting, the provision they believe said nation is violating, and the evidence of said violation. If a majority of the Supreme Court decides to host a trial, then it selects one of its members as the presiding judge, which cannot be the prosecutor or the defendant. The defendant is then issued a notice at least 24 hours before the trial commences, at which time the presiding judge introduces the trial on the Regional Message Board. Once the presiding judge has agreed to close the trial, they vote on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the accusation, and a majority of the Supreme Court can then overrule any decision of the presiding judge.
  
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2" style="font-size:90%; line-height:2em; text-align:center; margin:0"
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===Lawsuits===
|- style="line-height:1.5em; text-align:left"
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Lawsuits deal with non-criminal law, and the two parties are the plaintiff and the defendant. The plaintiff informs the Supreme Court of the nation they are prosecuting, the provision they believe said nation is violating, and the evidence of said violation. If a majority of the Supreme Court decides to host a trial, then it selects one of its members as the presiding judge, which cannot be the plaintiff or the defendant. The defendant is then issued a notice at least 24 hours before the trial commences, at which time the presiding judge introduces the trial on the Regional Message Board. Once the presiding judge has agreed to close the trial, they vote on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the accusation, and a majority of the Supreme Court can then overrule any decision of the presiding judge.
| width="100px" style="text-align:right" | '''Date'''
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| width="120px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 29 Jun. 2018
+
| width="75px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 20 Aug. 2018
+
| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 20 Sep. 2018
+
| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 23 Dec. 2018
+
| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 20 Mar. 2019
+
| width="195px" style="border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 2 Jul. 2019
+
|-
+
| Justice 1
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#FF99BB" | Communistico
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#FFDD99" | TFH
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#FF99FF" | Cedoria
+
| colspan="2" style="background:#FFFF99" | Halfblakistan
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#DDFF99" | Llorens
+
|-
+
| Justice 2
+
| colspan="6" style="background:#FFBB99" | Morvan
+
|-
+
| Justice 3
+
| colspan="2" style="background:#FF9999" | South Miruva
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#99FFFF" | New Lonopolian Empire
+
| colspan="1" style="background:#DDFF99" | Kavagrad
+
| colspan="2" style="background:#99FFBB" | Auven
+
|-
+
|
+
| colspan="2" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 10th GA
+
| colspan="1" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 11th GA
+
| colspan="1" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 12th GA
+
| colspan="1" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 13th GA
+
| colspan="1" style="color:#C7C7C7; border-left:1px solid #C7C7C7" | 14th GA
+
|}
+
  
 
{{The Leftist Assembly}}
 
{{The Leftist Assembly}}

Revision as of 06:53, 3 September 2019

The Supreme Court is the judiciary of The Leftist Assembly. It consists of three Justices appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. This body handles legal disputes between citizens, hosts court cases to settle criminal charges, votes on said criminal charges upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing, and is the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law.

History

Tiered Justices

The Legal Standard Act was proposed by Llorens in the 5th General Assembly and passed by referendum, 18-3, on 21 May 2017. As per its changes, the positions of Chief Justice, First Justice and Second Justice, held at the time by New Lonopolian Empire, Rathfarnham and Llorens respectively, were each renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all legal proceedings of the Ministry of Law.

Independent judiciary

The Judicial Separation Act was proposed by Llorens in the 7th General Assembly and passed by referendum, 19-1, on 6 November 2017. As per its changes, the legislature and judiciary were completely separated following the December 2017 election, with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also officially named the judiciary as the Supreme Court.

Terms

Elected

Term Election
1st March 2016
2nd -
3rd September 2016
4th December 2016
5th March 2017
6th June 2017
7th September 2017

Appointed

Term Appointed by
8th South Miruva
9th Cedoria
10th Kavagrad
11th Kavagrad
12th New Arkados
13th The Final Horseman
14th The Final Horseman

Procedure

Criminal cases

Criminal cases deal with criminal law, and the two parties are the prosecutor and the defendant. The prosecutor informs the Supreme Court of the nation they are prosecuting, the provision they believe said nation is violating, and the evidence of said violation. If a majority of the Supreme Court decides to host a trial, then it selects one of its members as the presiding judge, which cannot be the prosecutor or the defendant. The defendant is then issued a notice at least 24 hours before the trial commences, at which time the presiding judge introduces the trial on the Regional Message Board. Once the presiding judge has agreed to close the trial, they vote on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the accusation, and a majority of the Supreme Court can then overrule any decision of the presiding judge.

Lawsuits

Lawsuits deal with non-criminal law, and the two parties are the plaintiff and the defendant. The plaintiff informs the Supreme Court of the nation they are prosecuting, the provision they believe said nation is violating, and the evidence of said violation. If a majority of the Supreme Court decides to host a trial, then it selects one of its members as the presiding judge, which cannot be the plaintiff or the defendant. The defendant is then issued a notice at least 24 hours before the trial commences, at which time the presiding judge introduces the trial on the Regional Message Board. Once the presiding judge has agreed to close the trial, they vote on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the accusation, and a majority of the Supreme Court can then overrule any decision of the presiding judge.